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    Zambia Geography 2000

      Location: Southern Africa, east of Angola

      Geographic coordinates: 15 00 S, 30 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      Area:
      total: 752,614 sq km
      land: 740,724 sq km
      water: 11,890 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Texas

      Land boundaries:
      total: 5,664 km
      border countries: Angola 1,110 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,930 km, Malawi 837 km, Mozambique 419 km, Namibia 233 km, Tanzania 338 km, Zimbabwe 797 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: tropical; modified by altitude; rainy season (October to April)

      Terrain: mostly high plateau with some hills and mountains

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Zambezi river 329 m
      highest point: unnamed location in Mafinga Hills 2,301 m

      Natural resources: copper, cobalt, zinc, lead, coal, emeralds, gold, silver, uranium, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 7%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 40%
      forests and woodland: 39%
      other: 14% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 460 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: tropical storms (November to April)

      Environment - current issues: air pollution and resulting acid rain in the mineral extraction and refining region; poaching seriously threatens rhinoceros and elephant populations; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; lack of adequate water treatment presents human health risks

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

      Geography - note: landlocked

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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