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    Bulgaria Gobierno 2000

      Nombre del Pa�s:
      conventional long form: Republic of Bulgaria
      conventional short form: Bulgaria

      C�digo: BU

      Tipo de Gobierno: parliamentary democracy

      Capital: Sofia

      Divisiones Administrativas: 9 provinces (oblasti, singular - oblast); Burgas, Grad Sofiya, Khaskovo, Lovech, Montana, Plovdiv, Ruse, Sofiya, Varna

      Independencia: 22 September 1908 (from Ottoman Empire)

      Feriado Nacional: Independence Day, 3 March (1878)

      Constituci�n: adopted 12 July 1991

      Sistema Legal: civil law and criminal law based on Roman law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Sufragio: 18 years of age; universal

      Rama Ejecutiva:
      chief of state: President Petar STOYANOV (since 22 January 1997); Vice President Todor KAVALDZHIEV (since 22 January 1997)
      head of government: Chairman of the Council of Ministers (Prime Minister) Ivan KOSTOV (since 19 May 1997); Deputy Prime Minister Petur ZHOTEV (since 21 December 1999)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers elected by the National Assembly
      elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote for five-year terms; election last held 27 October and 3 November 1996 (next to be held NA 2001); chairman of the Council of Ministers (prime minister) nominated by the president; deputy prime ministers nominated by the prime minister
      election results: Petar STOYANOV elected president; percent of vote - Petar STOYANOV 59.73%

      Rama Legislativa: unicameral National Assembly or Narodno Sobranie (240 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
      elections: last held 19 April 1997 (next to be held NA 2001)
      election results: percent of vote by party - UtdDF 52%, BSP 22%, ANS 7%, Euro-left 5.5%, BBB 4.95%; seats by party - UtdDF 137, BSP 58, ANS 19, Euro-left 14, BBB 12; note - seating as of May 1997: UtdDF 126, DL 58, ANS 19, Euro-left 17, PU 11, independents 9

      Rama Judicial: Supreme Court, chairman appointed for a seven-year term by the president; Constitutional Court, 12 justices appointed or elected for nine-year terms

      Partidos Pol�ticos y l�deres: Alliance for National Salvation or ANS (coalition led mainly by Movement for Rights and Freedoms or DPS) [Ahmed DOGAN]; Bulgarian Business Bloc or BBB [Georgi GANCHEV]; Bulgarian Socialist Party or BSP [Georgi PURVANOV, chairman]; Democratic Left of DL [leader NA]; Euro-left [Aleksandur TOMOV]; Movement for Rights and Freedoms or DPS (member of LDU) [Ahmed DOGAN]; People's Union or PU [Anastasiya MOZER]; Union of Democratic Forces or UtdDF (an alliance of pro-democratic parties) [Ivan KOSTOV]

      Grupos de presi�n Pol�ticos y l�deres: agrarian movement; Bulgarian Agrarian National Union - United or BZNS; Bulgarian Democratic Center; Confederation of Independent Trade Unions of Bulgaria or CITUB; Democratic Alliance for the Republic or DAR; Gergiov Den; Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization or IMRO; New Union for Democracy or NUD; "Nikola Petkov" Bulgarian Agrarian National Union; Podkrepa Labor Confederation; numerous regional, ethnic, and national interest groups with various agendas

      Participaci�n de Organizaciones Internacionales: ACCT, BIS, BSEC, CCC, CE, CEI, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, EU (applicant), FAO, G- 9, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IFC, IFRCS, IHO (pending member), ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, NAM (guest), NSG, OAS (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNMOP, UPU, WEU (associate partner), WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO, ZC

      Representantes Diplom�ticos en EU:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Philip DIMITROV
      chancery: 1621 22nd Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 387-0174, 387-0365, 483-1386
      FAX: [1] (202) 234-7973
      consulate(s): New York

      Representantes Dimplom�ticos de EU:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Richard MILES
      embassy: 1 Saborna Street, Sofia
      mailing address: American Embassy Sofia, Department of State, Washington, DC 20521-5740
      telephone: [359] (2) 980-52-41 through 48
      FAX: [359] (2) 981-89-77

      Descripci�n de la Bandera: three equal horizontal bands of white (top), green, and red; the national emblem formerly on the hoist side of the white stripe has been removed - it contained a rampant lion within a wreath of wheat ears below a red five-pointed star and above a ribbon bearing the dates 681 (first Bulgarian state established) and 1944 (liberation from Nazi control)

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)