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    Canad� Econom�a 2000

      Econom�a - descripci�n: As an affluent, high-tech industrial society, Canada today closely resembles the US in its market-oriented economic system, pattern of production, and high living standards. Since World War II, the impressive growth of the manufacturing, mining, and service sectors has transformed the nation from a largely rural economy into one primarily industrial and urban. Real rates of growth have averaged nearly 3.0% since 1993. Unemployment is falling and government budget surpluses are being partially devoted to reducing the large public sector debt. The 1989 US-Canada Free Trade Agreement (FTA) and 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) (which included Mexico) have touched off a dramatic increase in trade and economic integration with the US. With its great natural resources, skilled labor force, and modern capital plant Canada enjoys solid economic prospects. Two shadows loom, the first being the continuing constitutional impasse between English- and French-speaking areas, which has been raising the possibility of a split in the federation. Another long-term concern is the flow south to the US of professional persons lured by higher pay, lower taxes, and the immense high-tech infrastructure.

      Producto Bruto Interno (PBI): purchasing power parity - $722.3 billion (1999 est.)

      PBI - Indice de Incremento real: 3.6% (1999 est.)

      PBI - por capital: purchasing power parity - $23,300 (1999 est.)

      PBI - Composici�n por Sector:
      agriculture: 3%
      industry: 31%
      services: 66% (1998)

      Poblaci�n bajo linea de pobertad: NA%

      Ingreso en casa o porcentage de consumci�n:
      lowest 10%: 2.8%
      highest 10%: 23.8% (1994)

      Indice de Inflaci�n (precios del consumidor): 1.7% (1999)

      Fuerza Laboral: 15.9 million (1999)

      Fuerza Laboral - por ocupaci�n: services 75%, manufacturing 16%, construction 5%, agriculture 3%, other 1% (1997)

      Indice de desempleo: 7.6% (1999)

      revenues: $121.8 billion
      expenditures: $115.1 billion, including capital expenditures of $1.7 billion (1998)

      Industrias: processed and unprocessed minerals, food products, wood and paper products, transportation equipment, chemicals, fish products, petroleum and natural gas

      Industrial production growth rate: 4.3% (1999 est.)

      Electricidad - Producci�n: 550.852 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - producci�n por fuente:
      fossil fuel: 27.18%
      hydro: 59.77%
      nuclear: 12.25%
      other: 0.8% (1998)

      Electricidad - consumci�n: 484.515 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - exportaciones: 39.502 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - importaciones: 11.725 billion kWh (1998)

      Agricultura - productos: wheat, barley, oilseed, tobacco, fruits, vegetables; dairy products; forest products; fish

      Exportaciones: $277 billion (f.o.b., 1999 est.)

      Exporationes - comodidades: motor vehicles and parts, newsprint, wood pulp, timber, crude petroleum, machinery, natural gas, aluminum, telecommunications equipment, electricity

      Exportaciones - socios: US 84%, Japan 3%, UK, Germany, South Korea, Netherlands, China (1998)

      Importaciones: $259.3 billion (f.o.b., 1999 est.)

      Importaciones - comodidades: machinery and equipment, crude oil, chemicals, motor vehicles and parts, durable consumer goods, electricity

      Importaciones - socios: US 77%, Japan 3%, UK, Germany, France, Mexico, Taiwan, South Korea (1998)

      Deuda - externa: $253 billion (1996)

      Economic aid - donor: ODA, $2.1 billion (1997)

      Moneda: 1 Canadian dollar (Can$) = 100 cents

      Indice de intercambio: Canadian dollars (Can$) per US$1 - 1.4489 (January 2000), 1.4857 (1999), 1.4835 (1998), 1.3846 (1997), 1.3635 (1996), 1.3724 (1995)

      A�o Fiscal: 1 April - 31 March

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