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    Canad� Geograf�a 2000

      Ubicaci�n: Northern North America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and North Pacific Ocean, north of the conterminous US

      Cordenadas Geogr�ficas: 60 00 N, 95 00 W

      Referencias en el mapa: North America

      Area:
      total: 9,976,140 sq km
      land: 9,220,970 sq km
      water: 755,170 sq km

      Area - comparativo: slightly larger than the US

      Fronteras:
      total: 8,893 km
      border countries: US 8,893 km (includes 2,477 km with Alaska)

      Costa: 243,791 km

      Demandas Mar�timas:
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Clima: varies from temperate in south to subarctic and arctic in north

      Terreno: mostly plains with mountains in west and lowlands in southeast

      Extremos de Elevaci�n:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mount Logan 5,959 m

      Recursos Naturales: iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, molybdenum, potash, silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal, petroleum, natural gas, hydropower

      Uso de Tierras:
      arable land: 5%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 3%
      forests and woodland: 54%
      other: 38% (1993 est.)

      Tierras Irrigadas: 7,100 sq km (1993 est.)

      Peligros Naturales: continuous permafrost in north is a serious obstacle to development; cyclonic storms form east of the Rocky Mountains, a result of the mixing of air masses from the Arctic, Pacific, and North American interior, and produce most of the country's rain and snow

      Ambiente - asuntos actuales: air pollution and resulting acid rain severely affecting lakes and damaging forests; metal smelting, coal-burning utilities, and vehicle emissions impacting on agricultural and forest productivity; ocean waters becoming contaminated due to agricultural, industrial, mining, and forestry activities

      Ambiente - acuerdos internacionales:
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation

      Nota - geograf�a: second-largest country in world (after Russia); strategic location between Russia and US via north polar route; nearly 90% of the population is concentrated within 160 km of the US/Canada border

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr10/10/00