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    Ecuador Geograf�a 2000

      Ubicaci�n: Western South America, bordering the Pacific Ocean at the Equator, between Colombia and Peru

      Cordenadas Geogr�ficas: 2 00 S, 77 30 W

      Referencias en el mapa: South America

      total: 283,560 sq km
      land: 276,840 sq km
      water: 6,720 sq km
      note: includes Galapagos Islands

      Area - comparativo: slightly smaller than Nevada

      total: 2,010 km
      border countries: Colombia 590 km, Peru 1,420 km

      Costa: 2,237 km

      Demandas Mar�timas:
      continental shelf: claims continental shelf between mainland and Galapagos Islands
      territorial sea: 200 nm

      Clima: tropical along coast, becoming cooler inland at higher elevations; tropical in Amazonian jungle lowlands

      Terreno: coastal plain (costa), inter-Andean central highlands (sierra), and flat to rolling eastern jungle (oriente)

      Extremos de Elevaci�n:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Chimborazo 6,267 m

      Recursos Naturales: petroleum, fish, timber, hydropower

      Uso de Tierras:
      arable land: 6%
      permanent crops: 5%
      permanent pastures: 18%
      forests and woodland: 56%
      other: 15% (1993 est.)

      Tierras Irrigadas: 5,560 sq km (1993 est.)

      Peligros Naturales: frequent earthquakes, landslides, volcanic activity; periodic droughts

      Ambiente - asuntos actuales: deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; water pollution; pollution from oil production wastes

      Ambiente - acuerdos internacionales:
      party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

      Nota - geograf�a: Cotopaxi in Andes is highest active volcano in world

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)