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    Finlandia Geograf�a 2000

      Ubicaci�n: Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Sweden and Russia

      Cordenadas Geogr�ficas: 64 00 N, 26 00 E

      Referencias en el mapa: Europe

      Area:
      total: 337,030 sq km
      land: 305,470 sq km
      water: 31,560 sq km

      Area - comparativo: slightly smaller than Montana

      Fronteras:
      total: 2,628 km
      border countries: Norway 729 km, Sweden 586 km, Russia 1,313 km

      Costa: 1,126 km (excludes islands and coastal indentations)

      Demandas Mar�timas:
      contiguous zone: 6 nm
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm (in the Gulf of Finland - 3 nm)

      Clima: cold temperate; potentially subarctic, but comparatively mild because of moderating influence of the North Atlantic Current, Baltic Sea, and more than 60,000 lakes

      Terreno: mostly low, flat to rolling plains interspersed with lakes and low hills

      Extremos de Elevaci�n:
      lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m
      highest point: Haltiatunturi 1,328 m

      Recursos Naturales: timber, copper, zinc, iron ore, silver

      Uso de Tierras:
      arable land: 8%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 76%
      other: 16% (1993 est.)

      Tierras Irrigadas: 640 sq km (1993 est.)

      Peligros Naturales: NA

      Ambiente - asuntos actuales: air pollution from manufacturing and power plants contributing to acid rain; water pollution from industrial wastes, agricultural chemicals; habitat loss threatens wildlife populations

      Ambiente - acuerdos internacionales:
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

      Nota - geograf�a: long boundary with Russia; Helsinki is northernmost national capital on European continent; population concentrated on small southwestern coastal plain

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr10/10/00