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  • geographic.org Home PagePerfiles de los Pa�ses

    Grecia Gobierno 2000

      Nombre del Pa�s:
      conventional long form: Hellenic Republic
      conventional short form: Greece
      local long form: Elliniki Dhimokratia
      local short form: Ellas or Ellada
      former: Kingdom of Greece

      C�digo: GR

      Tipo de Gobierno: parliamentary republic; monarchy rejected by referendum 8 December 1974

      Capital: Athens

      Divisiones Administrativas: 51 prefectures (nomoi, singular - nomos)and 1 autonomous region*; Ayion Oros* (Mt. Athos), Aitolia kai Akarnania, Akhaia, Argolis, Arkadhia, Arta, Attiki, Dhodhekanisos, Drama, Evritania, Evros, Evvoia, Florina, Fokis, Fthiotis, Grevena, Ilia, Imathia, Ioannina, Irakleion, Kardhitsa, Kastoria, Kavala, Kefallinia, Kerkyra, Khalkidhiki, Khania, Khios, Kikladhes, Kilkis, Korinthia, Kozani, Lakonia, Larisa, Lasithi, Lesvos, Levkas, Magnisia, Messinia, Pella, Pieria, Preveza, Rethimni, Rodhopi, Samos, Serrai, Thesprotia, Thessaloniki, Trikala, Voiotia, Xanthi, Zakinthos

      Independencia: 1829 (from the Ottoman Empire)

      Feriado Nacional: Independence Day, 25 March (1821) (proclamation of the war of independence)

      Constituci�n: 11 June 1975; amended March 1986

      Sistema Legal: based on codified Roman law; judiciary divided into civil, criminal, and administrative courts

      Sufragio: 18 years of age; universal and compulsory

      Rama Ejecutiva:
      chief of state: President Konstandinos (Kostis) STEPHANOPOULOS (since 10 March 1995)
      head of government: Prime Minister Konstandinos SIMITIS (since 19 January 1996)
      cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
      elections: president elected by Parliament for a five-year term; election last held 8 February 2000 (next to be held by NA March 2005); prime minister appointed by the president
      election results: Konstandinos STEPHANOPOULOS reelected president; percent of Parliament vote - 90%

      Rama Legislativa: unicameral Parliament or Vouli ton Ellinon (300 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote to serve four-year terms)
      elections: elections last held 9 April 2000 (next to be held by NA April 2004)
      election results: percent of vote by party - PASOK 43.8%, ND 42.7%, KKE 5.5%, Coalition of the Left and Progress 3.2%; seats by party - PASOK 158, ND 125, KKE 11, Coalition of the Left and Progress 6

      Rama Judicial: Supreme Judicial Court, judges appointed for life by the president after consultation with a judicial council; Special Supreme Tribunal, judges appointed for life by the president after consultation with a judicial council

      Partidos Pol�ticos y l�deres: Coalition of the Left and Progress (Synaspismos) [Nikolaos KONSTANDOPOULOS]; Communist Party of Greece or KKE [Aleka PAPARIGA]; Democratic Social Movement or DIKKI [Dhimitrios TSOVOLAS]; Liberal Party [Stephanos MANOS]; New Democracy or ND (conservative) [Konstandinos KARAMANLIS]; Panhellenic Socialist Movement or PASOK [Konstandinos SIMITIS]; Political Spring [Andonis SAMARAS]; Rainbow Coalition [Pavlos VOSKOPOULOS]

      Participaci�n de Organizaciones Internacionales: Australia Group, BIS, BSEC, CCC, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, EIB, EU, FAO, G- 6, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNMIBH, UNOMIG, UPU, WEU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO, ZC

      Representantes Diplom�ticos en EU:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Alexandros PHILON
      chancery: 2221 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 939-5800
      FAX: [1] (202) 939-5824
      consulate(s) general: Boston, Chicago, Los Angeles, New York, and San Francisco
      consulate(s): Atlanta, Houston, and New Orleans

      Representantes Dimplom�ticos de EU:
      chief of mission: Ambassador R. Nicholas BURNS
      embassy: 91 Vasilissis Sophias Boulevard, 10160 Athens
      mailing address: PSC 108, APO AE 09842-0108
      telephone: [30] (1) 721-2951
      FAX: [30] (1) 645-6282
      consulate(s) general: Thessaloniki

      Descripci�n de la Bandera: nine equal horizontal stripes of blue alternating with white; there is a blue square in the upper hoist-side corner bearing a white cross; the cross symbolizes Greek Orthodoxy, the established religion of the country

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr10/10/00