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    Islandia Gobierno 2000

      Nombre del Pa�s:
      conventional long form: Republic of Iceland
      conventional short form: Iceland
      local long form: Lyoveldio Island
      local short form: Island

      C�digo: IC

      Tipo de Gobierno: constitutional republic

      Capital: Reykjavik

      Divisiones Administrativas: 23 counties (syslar, singular - sysla) and 14 independent towns* (kaupstadhir, singular - kaupstadhur); Akranes*, Akureyri*, Arnessysla, Austur-Bardhastrandarsysla, Austur-Hunavatnssysla, Austur-Skaftafellssysla, Borgarfjardharsysla, Dalasysla, Eyjafjardharsysla, Gullbringusysla, Hafnarfjordhur*, Husavik*, Isafjordhur*, Keflavik*, Kjosarsysla, Kopavogur*, Myrasysla, Neskaupstadhur*, Nordhur-Isafjardharsysla, Nordhur-Mulasys-la, Nordhur-Thingeyjarsysla, Olafsfjordhur*, Rangarvallasysla, Reykjavik*, Saudharkrokur*, Seydhisfjordhur*, Siglufjordhur*, Skagafjardharsysla, Snaefellsnes-og Hnappadalssysla, Strandasysla, Sudhur-Mulasysla, Sudhur-Thingeyjarsysla, Vesttmannaeyjar*, Vestur-Bardhastrandarsysla, Vestur-Hunavatnssysla, Vestur-Isafjardharsysla, Vestur-Skaftafellssysla

      Independencia: 17 June 1944 (from Denmark)

      Feriado Nacional: Anniversary of the Establishment of the Republic, 17 June (1944)

      Constituci�n: 16 June 1944, effective 17 June 1944

      Sistema Legal: civil law system based on Danish law; does not accept compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Sufragio: 18 years of age; universal

      Rama Ejecutiva:
      chief of state: President Olafur Ragnar GRIMSSON (since 1 August 1996)
      head of government: Prime Minister David ODDSSON (since 30 April 1991)
      cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a four-year term; election last held 29 June 1996 (next to be held NA June 2000); prime minister appointed by the president
      election results: Olafur Ragnar GRIMSSON elected president; percent of vote - 41.4%

      Rama Legislativa: unicameral Parliament or Althing (63 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
      elections: last held on 8 May 1999 (next to be held by April 2003)
      election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA

      Rama Judicial: Supreme Court or Haestirettur, justices are appointed for life by the president

      Partidos Pol�ticos y l�deres: Independence Party (conservative) or IP [David ODDSSON]; National Awakening (People's Revival Party) or PR [Johanna SIGURDARDOTTIR]; People's Alliance (left socialist) or PA [Margret FRIMANNSDOTTIR]; People's Movement (centrist) [leader NA]; Progressive Party (liberal) or PP [Halldor ASGRIMSSON]; Social Democratic Party or SDP [Sighvatur BJORGVINSSON]; Women's Party or WL [Kristin ASTGEIRSDOTTIR]

      Participaci�n de Organizaciones Internacionales: Australia Group, BIS, CBSS, CCC, CE, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, EFTA, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA (observer), IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, NATO, NC, NEA, NIB, OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNU, UPU, WEU (associate), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO

      Representantes Diplom�ticos en EU:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Jon-Baldvin HANNIBALSSON
      chancery: Suite 1200, 1156 15th Street NW, Washington, DC 20005
      telephone: [1] (202) 265-6653
      FAX: [1] (202) 265-6656
      consulate(s) general: New York

      Representantes Dimplom�ticos de EU:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Barbara GRIFFITHS
      embassy: Laufasvegur 21, Reykjavik
      mailing address: US Embassy, PSC 1003, Box 40, FPO AE 09728-0340
      telephone: [354] 5629100
      FAX: [354] 5629118

      Descripci�n de la Bandera: blue with a red cross outlined in white that extends to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag)

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr10/10/00