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    Jordania Econom�a 2000

      Econom�a - descripci�n: Jordan is a small Arab country with inadequate supplies of water and other natural resources such as oil. The Persian Gulf crisis, which began in August 1990, aggravated Jordan's already serious economic problems, forcing the government to shelve the IMF program, stop most debt payments, and suspend rescheduling negotiations. Aid from Gulf Arab states, worker remittances, and trade contracted; and refugees flooded the country, producing serious balance-of-payments problems, stunting GDP growth, and straining government resources. The economy rebounded in 1992, largely due to the influx of capital repatriated by workers returning from the Gulf. After averaging 9% in 1992-95, GDP growth averaged only 2% during 1996-99. In an attempt to spur growth, King ABDALLAH has undertaken limited economic reform, including partial privatization of some state owned enterprises and Jordan's entry in January 2000 into the World Trade Organization (WTrO). Debt, poverty, and unemployment are fundamental ongoing economic problems.

      Producto Bruto Interno (PBI): purchasing power parity - $16 billion (1999 est.)

      PBI - Indice de Incremento real: 2% (1999 est.)

      PBI - por capital: purchasing power parity - $3,500 (1999 est.)

      PBI - Composici�n por Sector:
      agriculture: 3%
      industry: 25%
      services: 72% (1998 est.)

      Poblaci�n bajo linea de pobertad: 30% (1998 est.)

      Ingreso en casa o porcentage de consumci�n:
      lowest 10%: 2.4%
      highest 10%: 34.7% (1991)

      Indice de Inflaci�n (precios del consumidor): 3% (1999 est.)

      Fuerza Laboral: 1.15 million
      note: in addition, at least 300,000 workers are employed abroad (1997 est.)

      Fuerza Laboral - por ocupaci�n: industry 11.4%, commerce, restaurants, and hotels 10.5%, construction 10%, transport and communications 8.7%, agriculture 7.4%, other services 52% (1992)

      Indice de desempleo: 15% official rate; actual rate is 25%-30% (1999 est.)

      revenues: $2.8 billion
      expenditures: $3.1 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (2000 est.)

      Industrias: phosphate mining, petroleum refining, cement, potash, light manufacturing, tourism

      Industrial production growth rate: -3.4% (1996)

      Electricidad - Producci�n: 6.08 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - producci�n por fuente:
      fossil fuel: 99.51%
      hydro: 0.49%
      nuclear: 0%
      other: 0% (1998)

      Electricidad - consumci�n: 6.102 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - exportaciones: 2 million kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - importaciones: 450 million kWh (1998)

      Agricultura - productos: wheat, barley, citrus, tomatoes, melons, olives; sheep, goats, poultry

      Exportaciones: $1.8 billion (f.o.b., 1999 est.)

      Exporationes - comodidades: phosphates, fertilizers, potash, agricultural products, manufactures

      Exportaciones - socios: Iraq, India, Saudi Arabia, EU, Indonesia, UAE, Lebanon, Kuwait, Syria, Ethiopia

      Importaciones: $3.3 billion (c.i.f., 1999 est.)

      Importaciones - comodidades: crude oil, machinery, transport equipment, food, live animals, manufactured goods

      Importaciones - socios: Germany, Iraq, US, Japan, UK, Italy, Turkey, Malaysia, Syria, China

      Deuda - externa: $8.4 billion (1998 est.)

      Ayuda economica - recipiente: ODA, $850 million (1996 est.)

      Moneda: 1 Jordanian dinar (JD) = 1,000 fils

      Indice de intercambio: Jordanian dinars (JD) per US$1 - 0.7090 (January 2000-1996), 0.7005 (1995)
      note: since May 1989, the dinar has been pegged to a group of currencies

      A�o Fiscal: calendar year

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