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  • geographic.org Home PagePerfiles de los Pa�ses

    Jordania Gobierno 2000

      Nombre del Pa�s:
      conventional long form: Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
      conventional short form: Jordan
      local long form: Al Mamlakah al Urduniyah al Hashimiyah
      local short form: Al Urdun
      former: Transjordan

      C�digo: JO

      Tipo de Gobierno: constitutional monarchy

      Capital: Amman

      Divisiones Administrativas: 12 governorates (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah); Ajlun, Al 'Aqabah, Al Balqa', Al Karak, Al Mafraq, 'Amman, At Tafilah, Az Zarqa', Irbid, Jarash, Ma'an, Madaba

      Independencia: 25 May 1946 (from League of Nations mandate under British administration)

      Feriado Nacional: Independence Day, 25 May (1946)

      Constituci�n: 8 January 1952

      Sistema Legal: based on Islamic law and French codes; judicial review of legislative acts in a specially provided High Tribunal; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Sufragio: 20 years of age; universal

      Rama Ejecutiva:
      chief of state: King ABDALLAH bin al Hussein (since 7 February 1999); Crown Prince HAMZAH bin al Hussein (half brother of the King, born 29 March 1980)
      head of government: Prime Minister Abdur-Rauf RAWABDEH (since 4 March 1999)
      cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister in consultation with the monarch
      elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; prime minister appointed by the monarch

      Rama Legislativa: bicameral National Assembly or Majlis al-'Umma consists of the Senate (a 40-member body appointed by the monarch from designated categories of public figures; members serve four-year terms) and the House of Representatives (80 seats; members elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve four-year terms)
      elections: House of Representatives - last held 4 November 1997 (next to be held NA November 2001)
      election results: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - National Constitutional Party 2, Arab Land Party 1, independents 75, other 2
      note: the House of Representatives has been convened and dissolved by the monarch several times since 1974; in November 1989 the first parliamentary elections in 22 years were held

      Rama Judicial: Court of Cassation; Supreme Court (court of final appeal)

      Partidos Pol�ticos y l�deres: Al-Ahrar (Freedom) Party [Dr. Ahmad ZO'BI, secretary general]; Arab Ba'th Progressive Party [Mahmoud al-MA'AYTAH, secretary general]; Arab Islamic Democratic Party (Doa'a) [Yousif ABU BAKR, secretary general]; Arab Jordanian Ansar Party [Muhammad MAJALI, secretary general]; Arab Land Party [Dr. Muhammad al-'ORAN, secretary general]; Democratic Party of the Left [Musa MA'AITAH, secretary general]; Islamic Action Front [Abd-al-Latif ARABIYAT, secretary general]; Jordanian Arab Constitutional Front Party [Milhem TELL, secretary general]; Jordanian Arab New Dawn Party [leader NA]; Jordanian Ba'th Arab Socialist Party [Tayseer al-HOMSI, secretary general]; Jordanian Communist Party [Ya'acoub ZAYADIN, secretary general]; Jordanian Democratic Popular Unity Party [Sa'eed MUSTAPHA, secretary general]; Jordanian Labor Party [Muhammad KHATAYIBAH, secretary general]; Jordanian Peace Party [Dr. Shaher KHREIS, secretary general]; Jordanian People's Democratic Party or HASHD [Salem NAHHAS, secretary general]; Al-Mustaqbal (Future) Party [Suleiman 'ARAR, secretary general]; National Action Party or Haqq [Muhammad ZO'BI, secretary general]; National Constitutional Party [Abdul Hadi MAJALI, secretary general]; National Democratic Public Movement Party [Muhammad al-'AMER, secretary general]; Progressive Party [Na'el BARAKAT, secretary general]; Al-Umma (Nation) Party [Ahmad HNEIDI, secretary general]; The Generations [Hamad al-KHALAYLA, chairman]

      Grupos de presi�n Pol�ticos y l�deres: Council of Professional Association Presidents [Ahmad al-QADIRI, chairman]; Jordanian Press Association [Sayf al-SHARIF, president]; Muslim Brotherhood [Abd-al-Majid DHUNAYBAT, secretary general]

      Participaci�n de Organizaciones Internacionales: ABEDA, ACC, AFESD, AL, AMF, CAEU, CCC, ESCWA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OIC, OPCW, OSCE (partner), PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNMOP, UNMOT, UNOMIG, UNRWA, UNTAET, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

      Representantes Diplom�ticos en EU:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Marwan Jamil MUASHER
      chancery: 3504 International Drive NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 966-2664
      FAX: [1] (202) 966-3110

      Representantes Dimplom�ticos de EU:
      chief of mission: Ambassador William BURNS
      embassy: Abdoum, Amman
      mailing address: P. O. Box 354, Amman 11118 Jordan; APO AE 09892-0200
      telephone: [962] (6) 5920101
      FAX: [962] (6) 5927712

      Descripci�n de la Bandera: three equal horizontal bands of black (top), white, and green with a red isosceles triangle based on the hoist side bearing a small white seven-pointed star; the seven points on the star represent the seven fundamental laws of the Koran

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr10/10/00