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    Kazajst�n Gobierno 2000

      Nombre del Pa�s:
      conventional long form: Republic of Kazakhstan
      conventional short form: Kazakhstan
      local long form: Qazaqstan Respublikasy
      local short form: none
      former: Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic

      C�digo: KZ

      Tipo de Gobierno: republic

      Capital: Astana
      note: the government moved from Almaty to Astana in December 1998

      Divisiones Administrativas: 14 oblystar (singular - oblysy) and 3 cities (qala, singular - qalasy)*; Almaty, Almaty*, Aqmola (Astana), Aqtobe, Astana*, Atyrau, Batys Qazaqstan (Oral), Bayqongyr*, Mangghystau (Aqtau; formerly Shevchenko), Ongtustik Qazaqstan (Shymkent), Pavlodar, Qaraghandy, Qostanay, Qyzylorda, Shyghys Qazaqstan (Oskemen; formerly Ust'-Kamenogorsk), Soltustik Qazaqstan (Petropavl), Zhambyl (Taraz; formerly Dzhambul)
      note: administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses); in 1995 the Governments of Kazakhstan and Russia entered into an agreement whereby Russia would lease for a period of 20 years an area of 6,000 sq km enclosing the Bayqongyr (Baykonur) space launch facilities and the city of Bayqongyr (formerly Leninsk)

      Independencia: 16 December 1991 (from the Soviet Union)

      Feriado Nacional: Day of the Republic, 25 October (1990) (date on which Kazakhstan declared its sovereignty)

      Constituci�n: adopted by national referendum 30 August 1995; first post-independence constitution was adopted 28 January 1993

      Sistema Legal: based on civil law system

      Sufragio: 18 years of age; universal

      Rama Ejecutiva:
      chief of state: President Nursultan A. NAZARBAYEV (chairman of the Supreme Soviet from 22 February 1990, elected president 1 December 1991)
      head of government: Prime Minister Kazymzhomart TOKAYEV (since 2 October 1999)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term; election last held 10 January 1999, a year before it was previously scheduled (next to be held NA 2006); note - President NAZARBAYEV's previous term had been extended to 2000 by a nationwide referendum held 30 April 1995; prime minister and first deputy prime minister appointed by the president
      election results: Nursultan A. NAZARBAYEV elected president; percent of vote - Nursultan A. NAZARBAYEV 79.8%, Serikbolsyn ABDILDIN 11.7%, Gani KASYMOV 4.6%
      note: President NAZARBAYEV expanded his presidential powers by decree: only he can initiate constitutional amendments, appoint and dismiss the government, dissolve Parliament, call referenda at his discretion, and appoint administrative heads of regions and cities

      Rama Legislativa: bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (47 seats; 7 senators are appointed by the president; other members are popularly elected, two from each oblast and Almaty, to serve six-year terms) and the Majilis (67 seats; the addition of 10 "Party List" seats brings the total to 77; members are popularly elected to serve five-year terms); note - with the oblasts being reduced to 14, the Senate will eventually be reduced to 37; a number of Senate seats come up for reelection every two years
      elections: Senate - (indirect) last held 17 September 1999 (next to be held NA 2001); Majilis - last held 10 October 1999 (next to be held NA 2004)
      election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA; 16 seats up for election in 1999, candidates nominated by local councils; Majilis - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Otan 25, Civic Party 10, Communist Party 3, Agrarian Party 3, People's Cooperative Party 1, independents 32, 3 seats unaccounted for note - most independent candidates are affiliated with parastatal enterprises and other pro-government institutions

      Rama Judicial: Supreme Court (44 members); Constitutional Council (7 members)

      Partidos Pol�ticos y l�deres: Agrarian Party [Romin MADENOV]; Alash [Soverkazhy AKATAYEV]; AZAMAT Movement [Petr SVOIK, Murat AUEZOV, and Galym ABILSIITOV, cochairmen]; Civic Party [Azat PERUASHEV, first secretary]; Communist Party or KPK [Serikbolsyn ABDILDIN, first secretary]; Forum of Democratic Forces [leader NA]; Labor and Workers Movement [Madel ISMAILOV, chairman]; Orleu Movement [Seidakhmet KUTTYKADAM]; Otan [Sergei TERESCHENKO, chairman]; Pensioners Movement or Pokoleniye [Irina SAVOSTINA, chairwoman]; People's Congress of Kazakhstan or NKK [Olzhas SULEIMENOV, chairman]; People's Cooperative Party [Umirzak SARSENOV]; Republican People's Party of Kazakhstan [Akezhan KAZHEGELDIN]

      Grupos de presi�n Pol�ticos y l�deres: Kazakhstan International Bureau on Human Rights [Yevgeniy ZHOVTIS, executive director]

      Participaci�n de Organizaciones Internacionales: AsDB, CCC, CIS, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, ECO, ESCAP, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, NAM (observer), OAS (observer), OIC, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO (applicant)

      Representantes Diplom�ticos en EU:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Bolat K. NURGALIYEV
      chancery: 1401 16th Street, NW, Washington, DC 20036
      telephone: [1] (202) 232-5488
      FAX: [1] (202) 232-5845
      consulate(s): New York

      Representantes Dimplom�ticos de EU:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Richard H. JONES
      embassy: 99/97A Furmanova Street, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan 480091
      mailing address: American Embassy Almaty, Department of State, Washington, DC 20521-7030
      telephone: [7] (3272) 63-39-21, 63-13-75, 50-76-23
      FAX: [7] (3272) 63-38-83

      Descripci�n de la Bandera: sky blue background representing the endless sky and a gold sun with 32 rays soaring above a golden steppe eagle in the center; on the hoist side is a "national ornamentation" in gold

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)