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  • geographic.org Home PagePerfiles de los Pa�ses

    Kirguist�n Gobierno 2000

      Nombre del Pa�s:
      conventional long form: Kyrgyz Republic
      conventional short form: Kyrgyzstan
      local long form: Kyrgyz Respublikasy
      local short form: none
      former: Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic

      C�digo: KG

      Tipo de Gobierno: republic

      Capital: Bishkek

      Divisiones Administrativas: 6 oblastlar (singular - oblast) and 1 city* (singular - shaar); Bishkek Shaary*, Chuy Oblasty (Bishkek), Jalal-Abad Oblasty, Naryn Oblasty, Osh Oblasty, Talas Oblasty, Ysyk-Kol Oblasty (Karakol)
      note: administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses)

      Independencia: 31 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)

      Feriado Nacional: National Day, 2 December; Independence Day, 31 August (1991)

      Constituci�n: adopted 5 May 1993
      note: amendment proposed by President AKAYEV and passed in a national referendum on 10 February 1996 significantly expands the powers of the president at the expense of the legislature

      Sistema Legal: based on civil law system

      Sufragio: 18 years of age; universal

      Rama Ejecutiva:
      chief of state: President Askar AKAYEV (since 28 October 1990)
      head of government: Prime Minister Jumabek IBRAIMOV (since NA December 1998)
      cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; elections last held 24 December 1995 (next to be held November or December 2000); prime minister appointed by the president
      election results: Askar AKAYEV reelected president; percent of vote - Askar AKAYEV 75%; note - elections were held early which gave the two opposition candidates little time to campaign; AKAYEV may have orchestrated the "deregistration" of two other candidates, one of whom was a major rival

      Rama Legislativa: bicameral Supreme Council or Zhogorku Kenesh consists of the Assembly of People's Representatives (70 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) and the Legislative Assembly (35 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
      elections: Assembly of People's Representatives - last held 5 February 1995 (next to be held 20 February 2000); Legislative Assembly - last held 5 February 1995 (next to be held 20 February 2000)
      election results: Assembly of People's Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA; note - not all of the 70 seats were filled at the 5 February 1995 elections; as a result, run-off elections were held at later dates; the assembly meets twice yearly; Legislative Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA; note - not all of the 35 seats were filled at the 5 February 1995 elections; as a result, run-off elections were held at later dates
      note: the legislature became bicameral for the 5 February 1995 elections

      Rama Judicial: Supreme Court, judges are appointed for 10-year terms by the Supreme Council on recommendation of the president; Constitutional Court; Higher Court of Arbitration

      Partidos Pol�ticos y l�deres: Agrarian Party [leader NA]; Agrarian Party of Kyrgyzstan [A. ALIYEV]; Banner National Revival Party or ASABA [Chaprashty BAZARBAY]; Communist Party of Kyrgyzstan or PKK [Absamat MASALIYEV, chairman]; Democratic Movement of Kyrgyzstan or DDK [Jypar JEKSHEYEV, chairman]; Dignity Party [Feliks KULOV]; Fatherland or Alta Mekel Party [Omurbek TEKEBAYEV]; Justice Party [Chingiz AYTMATOV]; Kyrgyzstan Erkin Party (Democratic Movement of Free Kyrgyzstan) or ErK [Tursunbay Bakir UULU]; Movement for the People's Salvation [Djumgalbek AMAMBAYEV]; Mutual Help Movement or Ashar [Zhumagazy USUPOV]; National Unity Democratic Movement or DDNE [Yury RAZGULYAYEV]; Peasant Party [leader NA]; Republican Popular Party of Kyrgyzstan [J. SHARSHENALIYEV]; Social Democratic Party or PSD [J. IBRAMOV]

      Grupos de presi�n Pol�ticos y l�deres: Council of Free Trade Unions; Kyrgyz Committee on Human Rights [Ramazan DYRYIDAYEV]; National Unity Democratic Movement; Union of Entrepreneurs

      Participaci�n de Organizaciones Internacionales: AsDB, CIS, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, ECO, ESCAP, FAO, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM (observer), OIC, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, PFP, UN, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIK, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO, WTrO (applicant)

      Representantes Diplom�ticos en EU:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Bakyt ABDRISAYEV
      chancery: 1732 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20007
      telephone: [1] (202) 338-5141
      FAX: [1] (202) 338-5139

      Representantes Dimplom�ticos de EU:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Anne M. SIGMUND
      embassy: 171 Prospect Mira, 720016 Bishkek
      mailing address: use embassy street address
      telephone: [996] (3312) 22-29-20, 22-27-77
      FAX: [996] (3312) 22-35-51

      Descripci�n de la Bandera: red field with a yellow sun in the center having 40 rays representing the 40 Kirghiz tribes; on the obverse side the rays run counterclockwise, on the reverse, clockwise; in the center of the sun is a red ring crossed by two sets of three lines, a stylized representation of the roof of the traditional Kirghiz yurt

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr10/10/00