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    Libia Gobierno 2000

      Nombre del Pa�s:
      conventional long form: Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
      conventional short form: Libya
      local long form: Al Jumahiriyah al Arabiyah al Libiyah ash Shabiyah al Ishtirakiyah
      local short form: none

      C�digo: LY

      Tipo de Gobierno: Jamahiriya (a state of the masses) in theory, governed by the populace through local councils; in fact, a military dictatorship

      Capital: Tripoli

      Divisiones Administrativas: 25 municipalities (baladiyat, singular - baladiyah); Ajdabiya, Al 'Aziziyah, Al Fatih, Al Jabal al Akhdar, Al Jufrah, Al Khums, Al Kufrah, An Nuqat al Khams, Ash Shati', Awbari, Az Zawiyah, Banghazi, Darnah, Ghadamis, Gharyan, Misratah, Murzuq, Sabha, Sawfajjin, Surt, Tarabulus, Tarhunah, Tubruq, Yafran, Zlitan
      note: the 25 municipalities may have been replaced by 13 regions

      Independencia: 24 December 1951 (from Italy)

      Feriado Nacional: Revolution Day, 1 September (1969)

      Constituci�n: 11 December 1969, amended 2 March 1977

      Sistema Legal: based on Italian civil law system and Islamic law; separate religious courts; no constitutional provision for judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Sufragio: 18 years of age; universal and compulsory

      Rama Ejecutiva:
      chief of state: Revolutionary Leader Col. Muammar Abu Minyar al-QADHAFI (since 1 September 1969); note - holds no official title, but is de facto chief of state
      head of government: Secretary of the General People's Committee (Premier) Mubarak al-SHAMEKH (since 2 March 2000)
      cabinet: General People's Committee established by the General People's Congress
      elections: national elections are indirect through a hierarchy of people's committees; head of government elected by the General People's Congress; election last held NA (next to be held NA)
      election results: Mubarak al-SHAMEKH elected head of government; percent of General People's Congress vote - NA

      Rama Legislativa: unicameral General People's Congress (NA seats; members elected indirectly through a hierarchy of people's committees)

      Rama Judicial: Supreme Court

      Partidos Pol�ticos y l�deres: none

      Grupos de presi�n Pol�ticos y l�deres: various Arab nationalist movements with almost negligible memberships may be functioning clandestinely, as well as some Islamic elements

      Participaci�n de Organizaciones Internacionales: ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AL, AMF, AMU, CAEU, CCC, ECA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, MONUC, NAM, OAPEC, OAU, OIC, OPEC, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO

      Representantes Diplom�ticos en EU: Libya does not have an embassy in the US

      Representantes Dimplom�ticos de EU: the US suspended all embassy activities in Tripoli on 2 May 1980

      Descripci�n de la Bandera: plain green; green is the traditional color of Islam (the state religion)

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)