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  • geographic.org Home PagePerfiles de los Pa�ses

    Lituania Gobierno 2000

      Nombre del Pa�s:
      conventional long form: Republic of Lithuania
      conventional short form: Lithuania
      local long form: Lietuvos Respublika
      local short form: Lietuva
      former: Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic

      C�digo: LH

      Tipo de Gobierno: parliamentary democracy

      Capital: Vilnius

      Divisiones Administrativas: 44 regions (rajonai, singular - rajonas) and 11 municipalities*: Akmenes Rajonas, Alytaus Rajonas, Alytus*, Anyksciu Rajonas, Birstonas*, Birzu Rajonas, Druskininkai*, Ignalinos Rajonas, Jonavos Rajonas, Joniskio Rajonas, Jurbarko Rajonas, Kaisiadoriu Rajonas, Kaunas*, Kauno Rajonas, Kedainiu Rajonas, Kelmes Rajonas, Klaipeda*, Klaipedos Rajonas, Kretingos Rajonas, Kupiskio Rajonas, Lazdiju Rajonas, Marijampole*, Marijampoles Rajonas, Mazeikiu Rajonas, Moletu Rajonas, Neringa* Pakruojo Rajonas, Palanga*, Panevezio Rajonas, Panevezys*, Pasvalio Rajonas, Plunges Rajonas, Prienu Rajonas, Radviliskio Rajonas, Raseiniu Rajonas, Rokiskio Rajonas, Sakiu Rajonas, Salcininku Rajonas, Siauliai*, Siauliu Rajonas, Silales Rajonas, Silutes Rajonas, Sirvintu Rajonas, Skuodo Rajonas, Svencioniu Rajonas, Taurages Rajonas, Telsiu Rajonas, Traku Rajonas, Ukmerges Rajonas, Utenos Rajonas, Varenos Rajonas, Vilkaviskio Rajonas, Vilniaus Rajonas, Vilnius*, Zarasu Rajonas

      Independencia: 6 September 1991 (from Soviet Union)

      Feriado Nacional: Statehood Day, 16 February (1918)

      Constituci�n: adopted 25 October 1992

      Sistema Legal: based on civil law system; no judicial review of legislative acts

      Sufragio: 18 years of age; universal

      Rama Ejecutiva:
      chief of state: President Valdas ADAMKUS (since 26 February 1998)
      head of government: Premier Andrius KUBILIUS (since 12 November 1999)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the nomination of the premier
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 21 December 1997 and 5 January 1998 (next to be held NA 2003); premier appointed by the president on the approval of the Parliament
      election results: Valdas ADAMKUS elected president; percent of vote - Valdas ADAMKUS 50.4%, Arturas PAULAUSKAS 49.6%

      Rama Legislativa: unicameral Parliament or Seimas (141 seats, 71 members are directly elected by popular vote, 70 are elected by proportional representation; members serve four-year terms)
      elections: last held 20 October and 10 November 1996 (next to be held NA October 2000)
      election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - TS 69, LKDP 15, LCS 15, LDDP 12, LSDP 10, DP 2, independents 12, others 6

      Rama Judicial: Supreme Court, judges appointed by the Parliament; Court of Appeal, judges appointed by the Parliament

      Partidos Pol�ticos y l�deres: Christian Democratic Party or LKDP [Algirdas SAUDARGAS, chairman]; Democratic Labor Party of Lithuania or LDDP [Ceslovas JURSENAS, chairman]; Democratic Party or DP [Lydie WURTH-POLFER, president]; Homeland Union/Conservative Party or TS [Vytautas LANDSBERGIS, chairman]; Lithuanian Center Union or LCS [Romualdas OZOLAS, chairman]; Lithuanian Farmer's Party or LUP (previously Farmers' Union) [Albinas VAIZMUZIS, chairman]; Lithuanian Nationalist Union or LTS [Rimantas SMETONA, chairman]; Lithuanian Polish Union or LLS [Rsztardas MACIEKIANIEC, chairman]; Lithuanian Social Democratic Party or LSDP [Aloyzas SAKALAS, chairman]

      Grupos de presi�n Pol�ticos y l�deres: Lithuanian Future Forum

      Participaci�n de Organizaciones Internacionales: BIS, CBSS, CCC, CE, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, EU (applicant), FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITU, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UPU, WEU (associate partner), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO (applicant)

      Representantes Diplom�ticos en EU:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Stasys SAKALAUSKAS
      chancery: 2622 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20009
      telephone: [1] (202) 234-5860
      FAX: [1] (202) 328-0466
      consulate(s) general: Chicago and New York

      Representantes Dimplom�ticos de EU:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Keith C. SMITH
      embassy: Akmenu 6, 2600 Vilnius
      mailing address: American Embassy, Vilnius, PSC 78, Box V, APO AE 09723
      telephone: [370] (2) 223-031
      FAX: [370] (6) 706-084

      Descripci�n de la Bandera: three equal horizontal bands of yellow (top), green, and red

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr10/10/00