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    Santo Marino Gobierno 2000

      Nombre del Pa�s:
      conventional long form: Republic of San Marino
      conventional short form: San Marino
      local long form: Repubblica di San Marino
      local short form: San Marino

      C�digo: SM

      Tipo de Gobierno: republic

      Capital: San Marino

      Divisiones Administrativas: 9 municipalities (castelli, singular - castello); Acquaviva, Borgo Maggiore, Chiesanuova, Domagnano, Faetano, Fiorentino, Monte Giardino, San Marino, Serravalle

      Independencia: 301 (by tradition)

      Feriado Nacional: Anniversary of the Foundation of the Republic, 3 September (301)

      Constituci�n: 8 October 1600; electoral law of 1926 serves some of the functions of a constitution

      Sistema Legal: based on civil law system with Italian law influences; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Sufragio: 18 years of age; universal

      Rama Ejecutiva:
      chief of state: cochiefs of state Captain Regent Loris FRANCINI and Captain Regent Alberto CECCHETTI (for the period 1 April 1999-30 September 1999)
      head of government: Secretary of State for Foreign and Political Affairs Gabriele GATTI (since NA July 1986)
      cabinet: Congress of State elected by the Great and General Council for a five-year term
      elections: cochiefs of state (captain regents) elected by the Great and General Council for a six-month term; election last held NA September 1999 (next to be held NA March 2000); secretary of state for foreign and political affairs elected by the Great and General Council for a five-year term; election last held NA June 1998 (next to be held NA June 2003)
      election results: Loris FRANCINI and Alberto CECCETTI elected captain regents; percent of legislative vote - NA; Gabriele GATTI reelected secretary of state for foreign and political affairs; percent of legislative vote - NA
      note: the popularly elected parliament (Grand and General Council) selects two of its members to serve as the Captains Regent (cochiefs of state) for a six-month period; they preside over meetings of the Grand and General Council and its cabinet (Congress of State) which has ten other members, all selected by the Grand and General Council; assisting the captains regent are three secretaries of state - Foreign Affairs, Internal Affairs, and Finance - and several additional secretaries; the secretary of state for Foreign Affairs has assumed many of the prerogatives of a prime minister

      Rama Legislativa: unicameral Grand and General Council or Consiglio Grande e Generale (60 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms)
      elections: last held 31 May 1998 (next to be held by NA May 2003)
      election results: percent of vote by party - PDCS 40.8%, PSS 23.3%, PPDS 18.6%, APDS 9.8%, RC 3.3%, SR 4.2%; seats by party - PDCS 25, PSS 14, PPDS 11, APDS 6, RC 2, SR 2

      Rama Judicial: Council of Twelve or Consiglio dei XII

      Partidos Pol�ticos y l�deres: Communist Refoundation or RC [Giuseppe AMICHI]; Democratic Movement or MD [Emilio DELLA BALDA]; San Marino Christian Democratic Party or PDCS [Cesare Antonio GASPERONI, secretary general]; San Marino Popular Democratic Party or APDS [Antonella MULARONI]; San Marino Progressive Democratic Party or PPDS [Stefano MACINA, secretary general]; San Marino Socialist Party or PSS [Maurizio RATTINI, secretary general]; Socialists for Reform or SR [Renzo GIARDI]

      Participaci�n de Organizaciones Internacionales: CE, ECE, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IOC, IOM (observer), ITU, OPCW, OSCE, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WToO

      Representantes Diplom�ticos en EU: San Marino does not have an embassy in the US
      honorary consulate(s) general: Washington, DC, and New York
      honorary consulate(s): Detroit

      Representantes Dimplom�ticos de EU: the US does not have an embassy in San Marino; the US Consul General in Florence (Italy) is accredited to San Marino

      Descripci�n de la Bandera: two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and light blue with the national coat of arms superimposed in the center; the coat of arms has a shield (featuring three towers on three peaks) flanked by a wreath, below a crown and above a scroll bearing the word LIBERTAS (Liberty)

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)