Support our Sponsor

. . Flags of the World Maps of All Countries
  • |Indice|
  • English
  • geographic.org Home PagePerfiles de los Pa�ses

    Serbia y Montenegro y Montenegro Econom�a 2000

      Econom�a - descripci�n: The swift collapse of the Yugoslav federation in 1991 has been followed by highly destructive warfare, the destabilization of republic boundaries, and the breakup of important interrepublic trade flows. Output in Serbia and Montenegro dropped by half in 1992-93. Like the other former Yugoslav republics, it had depended on its sister republics for large amounts of energy and manufactures. Wide differences in climate, mineral resources, and levels of technology among the republics accentuated this interdependence, as did the communist practice of concentrating much industrial output in a small number of giant plants. The breakup of many of the trade links, the sharp drop in output as industrial plants lost suppliers and markets, and the destruction of physical assets in the fighting all have contributed to the economic difficulties of the republics. One singular factor in the economic situation of Serbia is the continuation in office of a government that is primarily interested in political and military mastery, not economic reform. Hyperinflation ended with the establishment of a new currency unit in June 1993; prices were relatively stable from 1995 through 1997, but inflationary pressures resurged in 1998. Reliable statistics continue to be hard to come by, and the GDP estimate is extremely rough. The economic boom anticipated by the government after the suspension of UN sanctions in December 1995 has failed to materialize. Government mismanagement of the economy is largely to blame, but the damage to Serbia's infrastructure and industry by the NATO bombing during the war in Kosovo have added to problems. Also, sanctions continue to isolate Belgrade from international financial institutions; an investment ban and asset freeze imposed in 1998 and the oil embargo imposed during the NATO bombing remain in place.

      Producto Bruto Interno (PBI): purchasing power parity - $20.6 billion (1999 est.)

      PBI - Indice de Incremento real: -20% (1999 est.)

      PBI - por capital: purchasing power parity - $1,800 (1999 est.)

      PBI - Composici�n por Sector:
      agriculture: 20%
      industry: 50%
      services: 30% (1998 est.)

      Poblaci�n bajo linea de pobertad: NA%

      Ingreso en casa o porcentage de consumci�n:
      lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%

      Indice de Inflaci�n (precios del consumidor): 42% (1999 est.)

      Fuerza Laboral: 1.6 million (1999 est.)

      Fuerza Laboral - por ocupaci�n: agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%

      Indice de desempleo: 30% (1999 est.)

      Presupuesto:
      revenues: $NA
      expenditures: $NA, including capital expenditures of $NA

      Industrias: machine building (aircraft, trucks, and automobiles; tanks and weapons; electrical equipment; agricultural machinery); metallurgy (steel, aluminum, copper, lead, zinc, chromium, antimony, bismuth, cadmium); mining (coal, bauxite, nonferrous ore, iron ore, limestone); consumer goods (textiles, footwear, foodstuffs, appliances); electronics, petroleum products, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals

      Industrial production growth rate: -22% (1999 est.)

      Electricidad - Producci�n: 38.84 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - producci�n por fuente:
      fossil fuel: 67.88%
      hydro: 32.12%
      nuclear: 0%
      other: 0% (1998)

      Electricidad - consumci�n: 36.141 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - exportaciones: 20 million kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - importaciones: 40 million kWh (1998)

      Agricultura - productos: cereals, fruits, vegetables, tobacco, olives; cattle, sheep, goats

      Exportaciones: $1.5 billion (1999)

      Exporationes - comodidades: manufactured goods, food and live animals, raw materials

      Exportaciones - socios: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Italy, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Germany (1998)

      Importaciones: $3.3 billion (1999)

      Importaciones - comodidades: machinery and transport equipment, fuels and lubricants, manufactured goods, chemicals, food and live animals, raw materials

      Importaciones - socios: Germany, Italy, Russia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (1998)

      Deuda - externa: $14.1 billion (1999 est.)

      Ayuda economica - recipiente: $NA

      Moneda: 1 Yugoslav New Dinar (YD) = 100 paras; Montenegro made the German deutsche mark (1 deutsche mark (DM) = 100 pfennige) legal tender alongside the Yugoslav dinar (1999)

      Indice de intercambio: Yugoslav New Dinars (YD) per US $1 - official rate: 10.0 (December 1998), 5.85 (December 1997), 5.02 (September 1996), 1.5 (early 1995); black market rate: 14.5 (December 1998), 8.9 (December 1997), 2 to 3 (early 1995)

      A�o Fiscal: calendar year

    Support Our Sponsor

    Support Our Sponsor

    Favor de A�ar Esta Pagina a Tus "BOOKMARKS" - - - - -


    Deja tu direci�n electr�nico para recibir un mensaje cuando se cambia la pagina.
    Tu direci�n electr�nico:



    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr10/10/00