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    Vanuatu Econom�a 2000

      Econom�a - descripci�n: The economy is based primarily on subsistence or small-scale agriculture which provides a living for 65% of the population. Fishing, offshore financial services, and tourism, with about 50,000 visitors in 1997, are other mainstays of the economy. Mineral deposits are negligible; the country has no known petroleum deposits. A small light industry sector caters to the local market. Tax revenues come mainly from import duties. Economic development is hindered by dependence on relatively few commodity exports, vulnerability to natural disasters, and long distances from main markets and between constituent islands. The most recent natural disaster, a severe earthquake in November 1999 followed by a tsunami, caused extensive damage to the northern island of Pentecote and left thousands homeless.

      Producto Bruto Interno (PBI): purchasing power parity - $245 million (1999 est.)

      PBI - Indice de Incremento real: NA%

      PBI - por capital: purchasing power parity - $1,300 (1999 est.)

      PBI - Composici�n por Sector:
      agriculture: 24%
      industry: 13%
      services: 63% (1997 est.)

      Poblaci�n bajo linea de pobertad: NA%

      Ingreso en casa o porcentage de consumci�n:
      lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%

      Indice de Inflaci�n (precios del consumidor): 3.9% (1998 est.)

      Fuerza Laboral: NA

      Fuerza Laboral - por ocupaci�n: agriculture 65%, services 32%, industry 3% (1995 est.)

      Indice de desempleo: NA%

      Presupuesto:
      revenues: $94.4 million
      expenditures: $99.8 million, including capital expenditures of $30.4 million (1996 est.)

      Industrias: food and fish freezing, wood processing, meat canning

      Industrial production growth rate: 1% (1997 est.)

      Electricidad - Producci�n: 32 million kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - producci�n por fuente:
      fossil fuel: 100%
      hydro: 0%
      nuclear: 0%
      other: 0% (1998)

      Electricidad - consumci�n: 30 million kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - exportaciones: 0 kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - importaciones: 0 kWh (1998)

      Agricultura - productos: copra, coconuts, cocoa, coffee, taro, yams, coconuts, fruits, vegetables; fish, beef

      Exportaciones: $33.8 million (f.o.b., 1998)

      Exporationes - comodidades: copra, beef, cocoa, timber, coffee

      Exportaciones - socios: Japan 32%, Germany 14%, Spain 8%, New Caledonia 7%, Australia 2% (1997 est.)

      Importaciones: $76.2 million (f.o.b., 1998)

      Importaciones - comodidades: machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, fuels

      Importaciones - socios: Japan 52%, Australia 20%, New Caledonia, Singapore, New Zealand, France, Fiji (1997 est.)

      Deuda - externa: $48 million (1997 est.)

      Ayuda economica - recipiente: $45.8 million (1995)

      Moneda: 1 vatu (VT) = 100 centimes

      Indice de intercambio: vatu (VT) per US$1 - 129.76 (December 1999), 129.08 (1999), 127.52 (1998), 115.87 (1997), 111.72 (1996), 112.11 (1995)

      A�o Fiscal: calendar year

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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