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    Vanuatu Gobierno 2000

      Nombre del Pa�s:
      conventional long form: Republic of Vanuatu
      conventional short form: Vanuatu
      former: New Hebrides

      C�digo: NH

      Tipo de Gobierno: republic

      Capital: Port-Vila

      Divisiones Administrativas: 6 provinces; Malampa, Penama, Sanma, Shefa, Tafea, Torba

      Independencia: 30 July 1980 (from France and UK)

      Feriado Nacional: Independence Day, 30 July (1980)

      Constituci�n: 30 July 1980

      Sistema Legal: unified system being created from former dual French and British systems

      Sufragio: 18 years of age; universal

      Rama Ejecutiva:
      chief of state: President Father John BANI (since 25 March 1999)
      head of government: Prime Minister Barak SOPE (since 25 November 1999); Deputy Prime Minister Stanley REGINALD (since 25 November 1999)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister, responsible to Parliament
      elections: president elected by an electoral college consisting of Parliament and the presidents of the regional councils for a five-year term; election for president last held 25 March 1999 (next to be held NA 2004); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition is usually elected prime minister by Parliament from among its members; election for prime minister last held 6 March 1998 (next to be held NA 2002)
      election results: Father John BANI elected president; percent of electoral college vote - NA; Barak SOPE elected prime minister by Parliament with a total of 28 votes; other candidate, Edward NATAPEI, received 24 votes
      note: as a result of legislative elections in March 1998, Donald KALPOKAS was elected prime minister and the VP formed a coalition government with the NUP; in November 1999, KALPOKAS, facing strong opposition and the threat of a no confidence vote, resigned; Barak SOPE was elected prime minister in his place and a coalition government was formed

      Rama Legislativa: unicameral Parliament (52 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
      elections: last held 6 March 1998 (next to be held NA 2002)
      election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - VP 18, UMP 12, NUP 11, other and independent 11; note - political party associations are fluid; there have been four changes of government since the November 1995 elections
      note: the National Council of Chiefs advises on matters of custom and land

      Rama Judicial: Supreme Court, chief justice is appointed by the president after consultation with the prime minister and the leader of the opposition, three other justices are appointed by the president on the advice of the Judicial Service Commission

      Partidos Pol�ticos y l�deres: Friend Melanesian Party [Albert RAVUTIA]; John Frum Movement [leader NA]; Melanesian Progressive Party or MPP [Barak SOPE]; Na-Griamel Movement [Frankie STEVENS]; National United Party or NUP [Willie TITONGOA]; Tan Union or TU [Vincent BOULEKONE]; Union of Moderate Parties or UMP [Serge VOHOR]; Vanuatu Party or VP [Donald KALPOKAS]; Vanuatu Republican Party [Maxime Carlot KORMAN]

      Participaci�n de Organizaciones Internacionales: ACCT, ACP, AsDB, C, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IMF, IMO, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), IOC, ITU, NAM, Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO, WTrO (applicant)

      Representantes Diplom�ticos en EU: Vanuatu does not have an embassy in the US, it does, however, have a Permanent Mission to the UN

      Representantes Dimplom�ticos de EU: the US does not have an embassy in Vanuatu; the ambassador to Papua New Guinea is accredited to Vanuatu

      Descripci�n de la Bandera: two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green with a black isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) all separated by a black-edged yellow stripe in the shape of a horizontal Y (the two points of the Y face the hoist side and enclose the triangle); centered in the triangle is a boar's tusk encircling two crossed namele leaves, all in yellow

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)