Chile PEOPLE 2015


Chile PEOPLE 2015

Page last updated on June 22, 2014

noun: Chilean(s)
adjective: Chilean

Ethnic groups:
white and non-indigenous 88.9%, Mapuche 9.1%, Aymara 0.7%, other indigenous groups 1% (includes Rapa Nui, Likan Antai, Quechua, Colla, Diaguita, Kawesqar, Yagan or Yamana), unspecified 0.3% (2012 est.)

Spanish 99.5% (official), English 10.2%, indigenous 1% (includes Mapudungun, Aymara, Quechua, Rapa Nui), other 2.3%, unspecified 0.2%
note: shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census (2012 est.)

Roman Catholic 66.7%, Evangelical or Protestant 16.4%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1%, other 3.4%, none 11.5%, unspecified 1.1% (2012 est.)

Demographic profile:
Chile is in the advanced stages of demographic transition and is becoming an aging society - with fertility below replacement level, low mortality rates, and life expectancy on par with developed countries. Nevertheless, with its dependency ratio nearing its low point, Chile could benefit from its favorable age structure. It will need to keep its large working-age population productively employed, while preparing to provide for the needs of its growing proportion of elderly people, especially as women - the traditional caregivers - increasingly enter the workforce. Over the last two decades, Chile has made great strides in reducing its poverty rate, which is now lower than most Latin American countries. However, its severe income inequality ranks as the worst among members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Unequal access to quality education perpetuates this uneven income distribution.

Chile has historically been a country of emigration but has slowly become more attractive to immigrants since transitioning to democracy in 1990 and improving its economic stability (other regional destinations have concurrently experienced deteriorating economic and political conditions). Most of Chile's small but growing foreign-born population consists of transplants from other Latin American countries, especially Peru.

17,363,894 (July 2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 65
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 20.7% (male 1,834,247/female 1,760,315)
15-24 years: 16.3% (male 1,442,610/female 1,383,738)
25-54 years: 43.2% (male 3,733,261/female 3,766,912)
55-64 years: 9.9% (male 806,044/female 910,818)
65 years and over: 9.7% (male 720,681/female 1,005,268) (2014 est.)
population pyramid:
population pyramid

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 45.1 %
youth dependency ratio: 30.2 %
elderly dependency ratio: 14.9 %
potential support ratio: 6.7 (2014 est.)

Median age:
total: 33.3 years
male: 32.2 years
female: 34.6 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate:
0.84% (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 131
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
13.97 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 140
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
5.93 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 169
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
0.35 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 74
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

urban population: 89.2% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1.09% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population:
SANTIAGO (capital) 6.034 million; Valparaiso 883,000; Concepcion 770,000 (2011)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2014 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth:
23.7 (2004 est.)
[see also: Mother's mean age at first birth country ranks ]

Maternal mortality rate:
25 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 131
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 7.02 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 161
male: 7.51 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6.52 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 78.44 years
country comparison to the world: 52
male: 75.42 years
female: 81.59 years (2014 est.)

Total fertility rate:
1.84 children born/woman (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 148
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
note: percent of women aged 15-44 (2006)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
7.5% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 74
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
1.03 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
2 beds/1,000 population (2010)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:

urban: 99.6% of population
rural: 91.3% of population
total: 98.8% of population
urban: 0.4% of population
rural: 8.7% of population
total: 1.2% of population (2012 est.)

Sanitation facility access:

urban: 100% of population
rural: 89.3% of population
total: 98.9% of population
urban: 0% of population
rural: 10.7% of population
total: 1.1% of population (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.4% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 77
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
38,700 (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 68
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
29.4% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 30
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
0.5% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 135
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
4.5% of GDP (2012)
country comparison to the world: 90
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.6%
male: 98.6%
female: 98.5% (2009 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 16 years (2012)

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 82,882
percentage: 3 % (2003 est.)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 16.3%
country comparison to the world: 80
male: 14.3%
female: 19.1% (2012)

NOTE: 1) The information regarding Chile on this page is re-published from the 2015 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Chile PEOPLE 2015 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Chile PEOPLE 2015 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order

This page was last modified 02-Mar-15
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