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Colombia PEOPLE 2015

SOURCE: 2015 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Colombia PEOPLE 2015
SOURCE: 2015 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on June 22, 2014

Nationality:
noun: Colombian(s)
adjective: Colombian

Ethnic groups:
mestizo 58%, white 20%, mulatto 14%, black 4%, mixed black-Amerindian 3%, Amerindian 1%

Languages:
Spanish (official)

Religions:
Roman Catholic 90%, other 10%

Demographic profile:
Colombia is in the midst of a demographic transition resulting from steady declines in its fertility, mortality, and population growth rates. The birth rate has fallen from more than 6 children per woman in the 1960s to just above replacement level today as a result of increased literacy, family planning services, and urbanization. However, income inequality is among the worst in the world, and more than a third of the population lives below the poverty line.

Colombia experiences significant legal and illegal economic emigration and refugee flows. Large-scale labor emigration dates to the 1960s; Venezuela and the United States continue to be the main host countries. Colombia is the largest source of Latin American refugees in Latin America, nearly 400,000 of whom live primarily in Venezuela and Ecuador. Forced displacement remains prevalent because of violence among guerrillas, paramilitary groups, and Colombian security forces. Afro-Colombian and indigenous populations are disproportionately affected. A leading NGO estimates that 5.2 million people have been displaced since 1985, while the Colombian Government estimates 3.6 million since 2000. These estimates may undercount actual numbers because not all internally displaced persons are registered. Historically, Colombia also has one of the world's highest levels of forced disappearances. About 30,000 cases have been recorded over the last four decades - although the number is likely to be much higher - including human rights activists, trade unionists, Afro-Colombians, indigenous people, and farmers in rural conflict zones.

Population:
46,245,297 (July 2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 30
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 25.3% (male 5,998,645/female 5,720,229)
15-24 years: 18% (male 4,243,251/female 4,099,299)
25-54 years: 41.6% (male 9,515,723/female 9,720,894)
55-64 years: 8.3% (male 1,796,050/female 2,051,948)
65 years and over: 6.5% (male 1,293,258/female 1,806,000) (2014 est.)
population pyramid:
population pyramid

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 50.9 %
youth dependency ratio: 41.2 %
elderly dependency ratio: 9.6 %
potential support ratio: 10.4 (2014 est.)

Median age:
total: 28.9 years
male: 27.9 years
female: 29.9 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate:
1.07% (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 114
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
16.73 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 117
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
5.36 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 178
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-0.65 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 140
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Urbanization:
urban population: 75.3% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1.65% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population:
BOGOTA (capital) 8.743 million; Medellin 3.694 million; Cali 2.453 million; Barranquilla 1.9 million; Bucaramanga 1.12 million; Cartagena 988,000 (2011)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2014 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth:
21.4
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2010 est.)
[see also: Mother's mean age at first birth country ranks ]

Maternal mortality rate:
92 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 80
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 15.02 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 107
male: 18.22 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 11.62 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 75.25 years
country comparison to the world: 97
male: 72.08 years
female: 78.61 years (2014 est.)

Total fertility rate:
2.07 children born/woman (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 115
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
79.1% (2010)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
6.1% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 106
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
1.47 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
1.4 beds/1,000 population (2011)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved:

urban: 96.9% of population
rural: 73.6% of population
total: 91.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3.1% of population
rural: 26.4% of population
total: 8.8% of population (2012 est.)

Sanitation facility access:
improved:

urban: 84.9% of population
rural: 65.7% of population
total: 80.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 15.1% of population
rural: 34.3% of population
total: 19.8% of population (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.5% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 67
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
146,500 (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 35
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
6,500 (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 31
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and yellow fever (2013)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
17.3% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 112
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
3.4% (2010)
country comparison to the world: 108
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
4.4% of GDP (2012)
country comparison to the world: 95
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.6%
male: 93.5%
female: 93.7% (2011 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 14 years (2012)

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 988,362
percentage: 9 %
note: data represents children ages 5-17 (2009 est.)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 21.9%
country comparison to the world: 53
male: 17%
female: 28.9% (2011)


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Colombia on this page is re-published from the 2015 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Colombia PEOPLE 2015 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Colombia PEOPLE 2015 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






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