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India PEOPLE 2015

SOURCE: 2015 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











India PEOPLE 2015
SOURCE: 2015 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on June 22, 2014

Nationality:
noun: Indian(s)
adjective: Indian

Ethnic groups:
Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000)

Languages:
Hindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Oriya 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9%
note: English enjoys the status of subsidiary official language but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the most widely spoken language and primary tongue of 41% of the people; there are 14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language (2001 census)

Religions:
Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.1% (2001 census)

Population:
1,236,344,631 (July 2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 2
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 28.5% (male 187,016,401/female 165,048,695)
15-24 years: 18.1% (male 118,696,540/female 105,342,764)
25-54 years: 40.6% (male 258,202,535/female 243,293,143)
55-64 years: 7% (male 43,625,668/female 43,175,111)
65 years and over: 5.7% (male 34,133,175/female 37,810,599) (2014 est.)
population pyramid:
population pyramid

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 51.8 %
youth dependency ratio: 43.6 %
elderly dependency ratio: 8.1 %
potential support ratio: 12.3 (2014 est.)

Median age:
total: 27 years
male: 26.4 years
female: 27.7 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate:
1.25% (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 94
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
19.89 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 86
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
7.35 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 118
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-0.05 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 112
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Urbanization:
urban population: 31.3% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.47% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population:
NEW DELHI (capital) 22.654 million; Mumbai 19.744 million; Kolkata 14.402 million; Chennai 8.784 million; Bangalore 8.614 million; Hyderabad 7.837 million (2011)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.12 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.91 male(s)/female
total population: 1.08 male(s)/female (2014 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth:
19.9 (2005-06 est.)
[see also: Mother's mean age at first birth country ranks ]

Maternal mortality rate:
200 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
country comparison to the world: 55
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 43.19 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 50
male: 41.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 44.63 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 67.8 years
country comparison to the world: 163
male: 66.68 years
female: 69.06 years (2014 est.)

Total fertility rate:
2.51 children born/woman (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 81
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
54.8% (2007/08)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
3.9% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 167
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.65 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
0.9 beds/1,000 population (2005)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved:

urban: 96.7% of population
rural: 90.7% of population
total: 92.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3.3% of population
rural: 9.3% of population
total: 7.4% of population (2012 est.)

Sanitation facility access:
improved:

urban: 60.2% of population
rural: 24.7% of population
total: 36% of population
unimproved:
urban: 39.8% of population
rural: 75.3% of population
total: 64% of population (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.3% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 101
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
2.085 million (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 3
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
135,500 (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 3
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, and malaria
water contact disease: leptospirosis
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
1.9% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 184
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
43.5% (2006)
country comparison to the world: 2
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
3.2% of GDP (2011)
country comparison to the world: 134
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 62.8%
male: 75.2%
female: 50.8% (2006 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 11 years (2011)

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 26,965,074
percentage: 12 % (2006 est.)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 10.7%
country comparison to the world: 107
male: 10.4%
female: 11.6% (2012)


NOTE: 1) The information regarding India on this page is re-published from the 2015 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of India PEOPLE 2015 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about India PEOPLE 2015 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






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