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Brunei Geography

    Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and Malaysia

    Geographic coordinates: 4 30 N, 114 40 E

    Map references: Southeast Asia

    Area:
    total: 5,770 sq km
    land: 5,270 sq km
    water: 500 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Delaware

    Land boundaries:
    total: 381 km
    border countries: Malaysia 381 km

    Coastline: 161 km

    Maritime claims:
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm or to median line
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical; hot, humid, rainy

    Terrain: flat coastal plain rises to mountains in east; hilly lowland in west

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
    highest point: Bukit Pagon 1,850 m

    Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, timber

    Land use:
    arable land: 1%
    permanent crops: 1%
    permanent pastures: 1%
    forests and woodland: 85%
    other: 12% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 10 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: typhoons, earthquakes, and severe flooding are very rare

    Environment—current issues: seasonal smoke/haze resulting from forest fires in Indonesia

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

    Geography—note: close to vital sea lanes through South China Sea linking Indian and Pacific Oceans; two parts physically separated by Malaysia; almost an enclave of Malaysia

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)