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Congo, Republic of the Geography

    Location: Western Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and Gabon

    Geographic coordinates: 1 00 S, 15 00 E

    Map references: Africa

    Area:
    total: 342,000 sq km
    land: 341,500 sq km
    water: 500 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Montana

    Land boundaries:
    total: 5,504 km
    border countries: Angola 201 km, Cameroon 523 km, Central African Republic 467 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,410 km, Gabon 1,903 km

    Coastline: 169 km

    Maritime claims:
    territorial sea: 200 nm

    Climate: tropical; rainy season (March to June); dry season (June to October); constantly high temperatures and humidity; particularly enervating climate astride the Equator

    Terrain: coastal plain, southern basin, central plateau, northern basin

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Mount Berongou 903 m

    Natural resources: petroleum, timber, potash, lead, zinc, uranium, copper, phosphates, natural gas

    Land use:
    arable land: 0%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 29%
    forests and woodland: 62%
    other: 9% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 10 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: seasonal flooding

    Environment—current issues: air pollution from vehicle emissions; water pollution from the dumping of raw sewage; tap water is not potable; deforestation

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
    signed, but not ratified: Desertification, Law of the Sea

    Geography—note: about 70% of the population lives in Brazzaville, Pointe-Noire, or along the railroad between them

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)