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Mauritius Geography

    Location: Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar

    Geographic coordinates: 20 17 S, 57 33 E

    Map references: World

    Area:
    total: 1,860 sq km
    land: 1,850 sq km
    water: 10 sq km
    note: includes Agalega Islands, Cargados Carajos Shoals (Saint Brandon), and Rodrigues

    Area—comparative: almost 11 times the size of Washington, DC

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 177 km

    Maritime claims:
    continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical, modified by southeast trade winds; warm, dry winter (May to November); hot, wet, humid summer (November to May)

    Terrain: small coastal plain rising to discontinuous mountains encircling central plateau

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Mont Piton 828 m

    Natural resources: arable land, fish

    Land use:
    arable land: 49%
    permanent crops: 3%
    permanent pastures: 3%
    forests and woodland: 22%
    other: 23% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 170 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: cyclones (November to April); almost completely surrounded by reefs that may pose maritime hazards

    Environment—current issues: water pollution

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)