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Tanzania Geography 1999

    Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique

    Geographic coordinates: 6 00 S, 35 00 E

    Map references: Africa

    total: 945,090 sq km
    land: 886,040 sq km
    water: 59,050 sq km
    note: includes the islands of Mafia, Pemba, and Zanzibar

    Area—comparative: slightly larger than twice the size of California

    Land boundaries:
    total: 3,402 km
    border countries: Burundi 451 km, Kenya 769 km, Malawi 475 km, Mozambique 756 km, Rwanda 217 km, Uganda 396 km, Zambia 338 km

    Coastline: 1,424 km

    Maritime claims:
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: varies from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands

    Terrain: plains along coast; central plateau; highlands in north, south

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Kilimanjaro 5,895 m

    Natural resources: hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel

    Land use:
    arable land: 3%
    permanent crops: 1%
    permanent pastures: 40%
    forests and woodland: 38%
    other: 18% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 1,500 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: the tsetse fly; flooding on the central plateau during the rainy season; drought

    Environment—current issues: soil degradation; deforestation; desertification; destruction of coral reefs threatens marine habitats; recent droughts affected marginal agriculture

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

    Geography—note: Kilimanjaro is highest point in Africa

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    Revised 1-Mar-99
    Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)