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Tanzania People

    Population: 31,270,820 (July 1999 est.)

    Age structure:
    0-14 years: 44% (male 6,926,149; female 6,967,416)
    15-64 years: 53% (male 8,030,141; female 8,437,978)
    65 years and over: 3% (male 415,074; female 494,062) (1999 est.)

    Population growth rate: 2.14% (1999 est.)

    Birth rate: 40.37 births/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Death rate: 16.75 deaths/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Net migration rate: -2.24 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Sex ratio:
    at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
    under 15 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
    15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (1999 est.)

    Infant mortality rate: 95.27 deaths/1,000 live births (1999 est.)

    Life expectancy at birth:
    total population: 46.17 years
    male: 43.85 years
    female: 48.57 years (1999 est.)

    Total fertility rate: 5.4 children born/woman (1999 est.)

    Nationality:
    noun: Tanzanian(s)
    adjective: Tanzanian

    Ethnic groups: mainland—native African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar—Arab, native African, mixed Arab and native African

    Religions: mainland—Christian 45%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 20; Zanzibar—more than 99% Muslim

    Languages: Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguju (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages
    note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources, including Arabic and English, and it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages

    Literacy:
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write Kiswahili (Swahili), English, or Arabic
    total population: 67.8%
    male: 79.4%
    female: 56.8% (1995 est.)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)