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    Benin Geography 1997

      Location Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Nigeriaand Togo

      Geographic coordinates 9 30 N, 2 15 E

      Map references Africa

      total: 112,620 sq km
      land: 110,620 sq km
      water: 2,000 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than Pennsylvania

      Land boundaries
      total: 1,989 km
      border countries : Burkina Faso 306 km, Niger 266 km, Nigeria 773 km, Togo 644 km

      Coastline 121 km

      Maritime claims
      territorial sea: 200 nm

      Climate tropical; hot, humid in south; semiarid in north

      Terrain mostly flat to undulating plain; some hills and low mountains

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mount Tanekas 641 m

      Natural resources small offshore oil deposits, limestone, marble, timber

      Land use
      arable land: 13%
      permanent crops: 4%
      permanent pastures: 4%
      forests and woodland: 31%
      other: 48% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 100 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards hot, dry, dusty harmattan wind may affect north in winter

      Environment - current issues recent droughts have severely affected marginal agriculture in north;inadequate supplies of potable water; poaching threatens wildlife populations;deforestation; desertification

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, EnvironmentalModification, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note no natural harbors

      NOTE: The information regarding Benin on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Benin Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Benin Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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