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    Cape Verde Geography 1997

      Location Western Africa, group of Islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, west ofSenegal

      Geographic coordinates 16 00 N, 24 00 W

      Map references World

      total: 4,030 sq km
      land: 4,030 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly larger than Rhode Island

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 965 km

      Maritime claims measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
      exclusive economic zone : 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate temperate; warm, dry summer; precipitation meager and very erratic

      Terrain steep, rugged, rocky, volcanic

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point : Pico 2,829 m

      Natural resources salt, basalt rock, pozzuolana (a siliceous volcanic ash used to producehydraulic cement), limestone, kaolin, fish

      Land use
      arable land: 11%
      permanent crops : 0%
      permanent pastures: 6%
      forests and woodland: 0%
      other: 83% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 30 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards prolonged droughts; harmattan wind can obscure visibility; volcanicallyand seismically active

      Environment - current issues overgrazing of livestock and improper land use such as the cultivationof crops on steep slopes has led to soil erosion; demand for wood used asfuel has resulted in deforestation; desertification; environmental damagehas threatened several species of birds and reptiles; overfishing

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification,Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note strategic location 500 km from west coast of Africa near major north-southsea routes; important communications station; important sea and air refuelingsite

      NOTE: The information regarding Cape Verde on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cape Verde Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cape Verde Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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