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    Chile Geography 1997

      Location Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean and SouthPacific Ocean, between Argentina and Peru

      Geographic coordinates 30 00 S, 71 00 W

      Map references South America

      total : 756,950 sq km
      land: 748,800 sq km
      water: 8,150 sq km
      note: includes Isla de Pascua (Easter Island) and Isla Sala y Gomez

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than twice the size of Montana

      Land boundaries
      total : 6,171 km
      border countries: Argentina 5,150 km, Bolivia 861 km, Peru 160 km

      Coastline 6,435 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate temperate; desert in north; cool and damp in south

      Terrain low coastal mountains; fertile central valley; rugged Andes in east

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point : Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Cerro Aconcagua 6,962 m

      Natural resources copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum

      Land use
      arable land: 5%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 18%
      forests and woodland: 22%
      other : 55% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 12,650 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards severe earthquakes; active volcanism; tsunamis

      Environment - current issues air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; water pollutionfrom raw sewage; deforestation contributing to loss of biodiversity; soilerosion; desertification

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, ClimateChange, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes,Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution,Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Desertification, Law of the Sea

      Geography - note strategic location relative to sea lanes between Atlantic and PacificOceans (Strait of Magellan, Beagle Channel, Drake Passage); Atacama Desertis one of world's driest regions

      NOTE: The information regarding Chile on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Chile Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Chile Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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