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    China Geography 1997

      Location Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, andSouth China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam

      Geographic coordinates 35 00 N, 105 00 E

      Map references Asia

      total: 9,596,960 sq km
      land : 9,326,410 sq km
      water: 270,550 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than the US

      Land boundaries
      total: 22,143.34 km
      border countries: Afghanistan 76 km, Bhutan 470 km, Burma 2,185 km, Hong Kong 30 km, India3,380 km, Kazakstan 1,533 km, North Korea 1,416 km, Kyrgyzstan 858 km, Laos 423 km, Macau 0.34 km, Mongolia 4,673 km, Nepal 1,236 km, Pakistan 523 km,Russia (northeast) 3,605 km, Russia (northwest) 40 km, Tajikistan 414 km,Vietnam 1,281 km

      Coastline 14,500 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone : 24 nm
      continental shelf: claim to shallow areas of East China Sea and Yellow Sea
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate extremely diverse; tropical in south to subarctic in north

      Terrain mostly mountains, high plateaus, deserts in west; plains, deltas, andhills in east

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Turpan Pendi -154 m
      highest point: Mount Everest 8,848 m

      Natural resources coal, iron ore, petroleum, mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese,molybdenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, lead, zinc, uranium, hydropowerpotential (world's largest)

      Land use
      arable land: 10%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 43%
      forests and woodland: 14%
      other : 33% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 498,720 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards frequent typhoons (about five per year along southern and eastern coasts);damaging floods; tsunamis; earthquakes; droughts

      Environment - current issues air pollution from the overwhelming use of high-sulfur coal as a fuel,produces acid rain which is damaging forests; water shortages experiencedthroughout the country, particularly in urban areas; future growth in waterusage threatens to outpace supplies; water pollution from industrial effluents;much of the population does not have access to potable water; less than 10%of sewage receives treatment; deforestation; estimated loss of one-fifth ofagricultural land since 1949 to soil erosion and economic development; desertification;trade in endangered species

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, ClimateChange, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping,Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified : Desertification

      Geography - note world's fourth-largest country (after Russia, Canada, and US)

      NOTE: The information regarding China on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of China Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about China Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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