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    India Geography 1997

      Location Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, betweenBurma and Pakistan

      Geographic coordinates 20 00 N, 77 00 E

      Map references Asia

      total: 3,287,590 sq km
      land: 2,973,190 sq km
      water: 314,400 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly more than one-third the size of the US

      Land boundaries
      total: 14,103 km
      border countries: Bangladesh 4,053 km, Bhutan 605 km, Burma 1,463 km, China 3,380 km,Nepal 1,690 km, Pakistan 2,912 km

      Coastline 7,000 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone : 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north

      Terrain upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south, flat to rolling plain alongthe Ganges, deserts in west, Himalayas in north

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point : Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Kanchenjunga 8,598 m

      Natural resources coal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica,bauxite, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone

      Land use
      arable land: 56%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures : 4%
      forests and woodland: 23%
      other: 16% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 480,000 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards droughts, flash floods, severe thunderstorms common; earthquakes

      Environment - current issues deforestation; soil erosion; overgrazing; desertification; air pollutionfrom industrial effluents and vehicle emissions; water pollution from rawsewage and runoff of agricultural pesticides; tap water is not potable throughoutthe country; huge and rapidly growing population is overstraining naturalresources

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, ClimateChange, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, HazardousWastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution,Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified : none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note dominates South Asian subcontinent; near important Indian Ocean traderoutes

      NOTE: The information regarding India on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of India Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about India Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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