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    Kyrgyzstan Geography 1997

      Location Central Asia, west of China

      Geographic coordinates 41 00 N, 75 00 E

      Map references Commonwealth of Independent States

      total: 198,500 sq km
      land: 191,300 sq km
      water: 7,200 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than South Dakota

      Land boundaries
      total: 3,878 km
      border countries: China 858 km, Kazakstan 1,051 km, Tajikistan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,099km

      Coastline 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims none (landlocked)

      Climate dry continental to polar in high Tien Shan; subtropical in southwest(Fergana Valley); temperate in northern foothill zone

      Terrain peaks of Tien Shan and associated valleys and basins encompass entirenation

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Kara-Daryya 132 m
      highest point : Jengish Chokusu 7,439 m

      Natural resources abundant hydroelectric potential; significant deposits of gold and rareearth metals; locally exploitable coal, oil, and natural gas; other depositsof nepheline, mercury, bismuth, lead, and zinc

      Land use
      arable land: 7%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 44%
      forests and woodland : 4%
      other: 45% (1993 est.)
      note : Kyrgyzstan has the world's largest natural growth walnut forest

      Irrigated land 9,000 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards NA

      Environment - current issues water pollution; many people get their water directly from contaminatedstreams and wells; as a result, water-borne diseases are prevalent; increasingsoil salinity from faulty irrigation practices

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Hazardous Wastes
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note landlocked

      NOTE: The information regarding Kyrgyzstan on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Kyrgyzstan Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Kyrgyzstan Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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