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    Kyrgyzstan Government 1997

      Country name
      conventional long form: Kyrgyz Republic
      conventional short form: Kyrgyzstan
      local long form: Kyrgyz Respublikasy
      local short form: none
      former: Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic

      Data code KG

      Government type republic

      National capital Bishkek

      Administrative divisions 6 oblasttar (singular - oblast) and 1 city* (singular - shaar); BishkekShaary*, Chuy Oblasty (Bishkek), Jalal-Abad Oblasty, Naryn Oblasty, Osh Oblasty,Talas Oblasty, Ysyk-Kol Oblasty (Karakol)
      note: administrative divisions have the same names as their administrativecenters (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses)

      Independence 31 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)

      National holiday National Day, 2 December; Independence Day, 31 August (1991)

      Constitution adopted 5 May 1993
      note : amendment proposed by President AKAYEV and passed in a national referendumon 10 February 1996 significantly expands the powers of the president at theexpense of the legislature

      Legal system based on civil law system

      Suffrage 18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch
      chief of state: President Askar AKAYEV (since 28 October 1990)
      head of government: Prime Minister Apas JUMAGULOV (since NA December 1993)
      cabinet : Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendationof the prime minister
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; elections lastheld 24 December 1995 (next to be held NA 2000); prime minister appointedby the president
      election results : Askar AKAYEV elected president; percent of vote - Askar AKAYEV 75%;note - elections were held early which gave the two opposition candidateslittle time to campaign; AKAYEV may have orchestrated the "deregistration"of two other candidates, one of whom was a major rival

      Legislative branch bicameral Supreme Council or Zhogorku Kenesh consists of the Assemblyof People's Representatives (70 seats; members are elected by popular voteto serve five-year terms) and the Legislative Assembly (35 seats; membersare elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
      elections: Assembly of People's Representatives - last held 5 February 1995 (nextto be held NA 2000); Legislative Assembly - last held 5 February 1995 (nextto be held NA 2000)
      election results : Assembly of People's Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA;seats by party - NA; note - not all of the 70 seats were filled at the 5 February1995 elections; as a result, run-off elections were held at later dates; theassembly meets twice yearly; Legislative Assembly - percent of vote by party- NA; seats by party - NA; note - not all of the 35 seats were filled at the5 February 1995 elections; as a result, run-off elections were held
      note: the legislature became bicameral for the 5 February 1995 elections

      Judicial branch Supreme Court, judges are appointed for a 10-year term by the ZhogorkuKenesh on recommendation of the president; Constitutional Court; Higher Courtof Arbitration

      Political parties and leaders Social Democratic Party or SDP; Democratic Movement of Kyrgyzstan orDDK [Jypar JEKSHEYEV, chairman]; National Unity; Communist Party of Kyrgyzstanor PCK [Absamat MASALIYEV, chairman]; Democratic Movement of Free Kyrgyzstanor ErK; Republican Popular Party of Kyrgyzstan; Agrarian Party of Kyrgyzstan;Ata Meken Party [Omurbek TEKEBAYEV]; ASABA [Chaprashty BAZARBAY]; Movementfor the People's Salvation [Djumgalbek AMAMBAYEV]; Ashar [Zhumagazy USUPOV]

      Political pressure groups and leaders National Unity Democratic Movement; Peasant Party; Council of Free TradeUnions; Union of Entrepreneurs; Agrarian Party; Kyrgyz Committee on HumanRights [Ramazan DYRYIDAYEV]

      International organization participation AsDB, CIS, EBRD, ECE, ECO, ESCAP, FAO, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC,ILO, IMF, Intelsat, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, NACC, OIC, OSCE, PCA, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO (applicant)

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Bakytbek ABDRISAYEV
      chancery: 1732 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20007
      telephone: [1] (202) 338-5141
      FAX : [1] (202) 338-5139

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Eileen A. MALLOY
      embassy: Erkindik Prospekt #66, Bishkek 720002
      mailing address: use embassy street address
      telephone: [7] (3312) 22-26-93, 22-32-89
      FAX: [7] (3312) 22-35-51

      Flag description red field with a yellow sun in the center having 40 rays representingthe 40 Kirghiz tribes; on the obverse side the rays run counterclockwise,on the reverse, clockwise; in the center of the sun is a red ring crossedby two sets of three lines, a stylized representation of the roof of the traditionalKirghiz yurt

      NOTE: The information regarding Kyrgyzstan on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Kyrgyzstan Government 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Kyrgyzstan Government 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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