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    Lebanon Geography 1997

      Location Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Israel and Syria

      Geographic coordinates 33 50 N, 35 50 E

      Map references Middle East

      total: 10,400 sq km
      land: 10,230 sq km
      water : 170 sq km

      Area - comparative about 0.7 times the size of Connecticut

      Land boundaries
      total : 454 km
      border countries: Israel 79 km, Syria 375 km

      Coastline 225 km

      Maritime claims
      territorial sea : 12 nm

      Climate Mediterranean; mild to cool, wet winters with hot, dry summers; Lebanonmountains experience heavy winter snows

      Terrain narrow coastal plain; Al Biqa' (Bekaa Valley) separates Lebanon andAnti-Lebanon Mountains

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point : Mediterranean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Jabal al Makmal 3,087 m

      Natural resources limestone, iron ore, salt, water-surplus state in a water-deficit region

      Land use
      arable land : 21%
      permanent crops: 9%
      permanent pastures: 1%
      forests and woodland: 8%
      other: 61% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 860 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards dust storms, sandstorms

      Environment - current issues deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; air pollution in Beirutfrom vehicular traffic and the burning of industrial wastes; pollution ofcoastal waters from raw sewage and oil spills

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Lawof the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
      signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note Nahr al Litani only major river in Near East not crossing an internationalboundary; rugged terrain historically helped isolate, protect, and developnumerous factional groups based on religion, clan, and ethnicity

      NOTE: The information regarding Lebanon on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Lebanon Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Lebanon Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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