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    Malaysia Geography 1997

      Location Southeastern Asia, peninsula and northern one-third of the island ofBorneo, bordering Indonesia and the South China Sea, south of Vietnam

      Geographic coordinates 2 30 N, 112 30 E

      Map references Southeast Asia

      total: 329,750 sq km
      land : 328,550 sq km
      water: 1,200 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly larger than New Mexico

      Land boundaries
      total: 2,669 km
      border countries: Brunei 381 km, Indonesia 1,782 km, Thailand 506 km

      Coastline 4,675 km (Peninsular Malaysia 2,068 km, East Malaysia 2,607 km)

      Maritime claims
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation; specified boundary in theSouth China Sea
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate tropical; annual southwest (April to October) and northeast (Octoberto February) monsoons

      Terrain coastal plains rising to hills and mountains

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mount Kinabalu 4,100 m

      Natural resources tin, petroleum, timber, copper, iron ore, natural gas, bauxite

      Land use
      arable land: 3%
      permanent crops: 12%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 68%
      other : 17% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 3,400 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards flooding, landslides

      Environment - current issues air pollution from industrial and vehicular emissions; water pollutionfrom raw sewage; deforestation

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes,Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection,Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Desertification

      Geography - note strategic location along Strait of Malacca and southern South ChinaSea

      NOTE: The information regarding Malaysia on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Malaysia Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Malaysia Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
    Copyright © 2002 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)