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    Malaysia Government 1997

      Country name
      conventional long form: none
      conventional short form: Malaysia
      former : Malayan Union

      Data code MY

      Government type constitutional monarchy
      note: Federation of Malaysia formed 9 July 1963; nominally headed by the paramountruler (king) and a bicameral Parliament; Peninsular Malaysian states - hereditaryrulers in all but Melaka, where governors are appointed by Malaysian Government;powers of state governments are limited by the federal constitution; Sabah- self-governing state, holds 20 seats in House of Representatives, with foreignaffairs, defense, internal security, and other powers delegated to federalgovernment; Sarawak - self-governing state, holds 27 seats in House of Representatives,with foreign affairs, defense, internal security, and other powers delegatedto federal government

      National capital Kuala Lumpur

      Administrative divisions 13 states (negeri-negeri, singular - negeri) and 2 federal territories*(wilayah-wilayah persekutuan, singular - wilayah persekutuan); Johor, Kedah,Kelantan, Labuan*, Melaka, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Perak, Perlis, Pulau Pinang,Sabah, Sarawak, Selangor, Terengganu, Wilayah Persekutuan*

      Independence 31 August 1957 (from UK)

      National holiday National Day, 31 August (1957)

      Constitution 31 August 1957, amended 16 September 1963

      Legal system based on English common law; judicial review of legislative acts inthe Supreme Court at request of supreme head of the federation; has not acceptedcompulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Suffrage 21 years of age; universal

      Executive branch
      chief of state: Paramount Ruler TUANKU JA'AFAR ibni Al-Marhum Tuanku Abdul Rahman (since26 April 1994) and Deputy Paramount Ruler Sultan TUNKU SALAHUDDIN Abdul Aziz Shah ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Hisammuddin Alam Shah (since 26 April 1994)
      head of government : Prime Minister Dr. MAHATHIR bin Mohamad (since 16 July 1981); DeputyPrime Minister ANWAR bin Ibrahim (since 1 December 1993)
      cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the paramount ruler from among the members of Parliament
      elections: paramount ruler and deputy paramount ruler elected by and from the hereditaryrulers of nine of the states for five-year terms; election last held 4 February1994 (next to be held NA 1999); prime minister appointed by the paramountruler
      election results: TUANKU JA'AFAR ibni Al-Marhum Tuanku Abdul Rahman elected paramountruler; percent of vote - NA; Sultan TUNKU SALAHUDDIN Abdul Aziz Shah ibniAl-Marhum Sultan Hisammuddin Alam Shah elected deputy paramount ruler; percentof vote - NA

      Legislative branch bicameral Parliament or Parlimen consists of the Senate or Dewan Negara(69 seats; 43 appointed by the paramount ruler, 26 elected by the state legislatures;elected members serve six-year terms) and the House of Representatives orDewan Rakyat (192 seats; members elected by popular vote directly weightedtoward the rural Malay population to serve five-year terms)
      elections : Senate - last held NA April 1995 (next to be held by 2000); House ofRepresentatives - last held 24-25 April 1995 (next to be held by 2000)
      election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA; House ofRepresentatives - percent of vote by party - National Front 63%, other 37%; seats by party - National Front 162, DAP 9, PBS 8, PAS 7, Spirit of '46 6

      Judicial branch Supreme Court, judges appointed by the paramount ruler

      Political parties and leaders
      Peninsular Malaysia: National Front, a confederation of 14 political parties dominated byUnited Malays National Organization Baru (UMNO Baru), MAHATHIR bin Mohamad;Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA), LING Liong Sik; Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia,LIM Keng Yaik; Malaysian Indian Congress (MIC), S. Samy VELLU; major oppositionparties are Parti Islam SeMalaysia (PAS), Ustaz Fadzil Mohamed NOOR and theDemocratic Action Party (DAP), CHEN Man Hin
      Sabah : National Front, dominated by the UMNO; Sabah Progressive Party (SAPP),Datuk YONG Teck Lee; Parti Democratic Sabah (PDS), Bernard DOMPOK; Parti BersatuRakyat Sabah (PBRS), Datuk Joseph KURUP
      Sarawak: National Front, composed of the Party Pesaka Bumiputra Bersatu (PBB),Datuk Patinggi Haji Abdul TAIB Mahmud; Sarawak United People's Party (SUPP),Datuk Amar Stephen YONG Kuat Tze; Sarawak National Party (SNAP), Datuk Amar James WONG; Parti Bansa Dayak Sarawak (PBDS), Datuk Leo MOGGIE; major oppositionparty is Democratic Action Party (DAP), LIM Kit Siang
      note: subsequent to the election, the following parties were dissolved - Spiritof '46 (Semangat '46), Tengku Tan Sri RAZALEIGH, president, and Sabah UnitedParty (Parti Bersatu Sabah, PBS), Datuk Seri Joseph PAIRIN Kitingan

      International organization participation APEC, AsDB, ASEAN, C, CCC, CP, ESCAP, FAO, G-15, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO,ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat,Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, Mekong Group, MINURSO, NAM, OIC, UN, UNAVEM III,UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNMIBH, UNOMIL, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO,WMO, WToO, WTrO

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador DALI Mahmud Hashim
      chancery: 2401 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 328-2700
      FAX : [1] (202) 483-7661
      consulate(s) general: Los Angeles and New York

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission : Ambassador John R. MALOTT
      embassy: 376 Jalan Tun Razak, 50400 Kuala Lumpur
      mailing address: P. O. Box No. 10035, 50700 Kuala Lumpur or American Embassy Kuala Lumpur,APO AP 96535-8152
      telephone: [60] (3) 248-9011
      FAX : [60] (3) 242-2207

      Flag description 14 equal horizontal stripes of red (top) alternating with white (bottom);there is a blue rectangle in the upper hoist-side corner bearing a yellowcrescent and a yellow fourteen-pointed star; the crescent and the star aretraditional symbols of Islam; the design was based on the flag of the US

      NOTE: The information regarding Malaysia on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Malaysia Government 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Malaysia Government 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
    Copyright © 2002 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)