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    Marshall Islands Geography 1997

      Location Oceania, group of atolls and reefs in the North Pacific Ocean, aboutone-half of the way from Hawaii to Papua New Guinea

      Geographic coordinates 9 00 N, 168 00 E

      Map references Oceania

      total: 181.3 sq km
      land: 181.3 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      note: includes the atolls of Bikini, Enewetak, and Kwajalein

      Area - comparative about the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 370.4 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea : 12 nm

      Climate wet season from May to November; hot and humid; islands border typhoonbelt

      Terrain low coral limestone and sand islands

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed location on Likiep 10 m

      Natural resources phosphate deposits, marine products, deep seabed minerals

      Land use
      arable land: NA%
      permanent crops: 60%
      permanent pastures : NA%
      forests and woodland: NA%
      other: 40%

      Irrigated land NA sq km

      Natural hazards occasional typhoons

      Environment - current issues inadequate supplies of potable water

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection,Ship Pollution
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note two archipelagic island chains of 30 atolls and 1,152 islands; Bikiniand Enewetak are former US nuclear test sites; Kwajalein, the famous WorldWar II battleground, is now used as a US missile test range

      NOTE: The information regarding Marshall Islands on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Marshall Islands Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Marshall Islands Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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