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    Northern Mariana Islands Geography 1997

      Location Oceania, islands in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters ofthe way from Hawaii to the Philippines

      Geographic coordinates 15 12 N, 145 45 E

      Map references Oceania

      total: 477 sq km
      land: 477 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      note: includes 14 islands including Saipan, Rota, and Tinian

      Area - comparative 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 1,482 km

      Maritime claims
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate tropical marine; moderated by northeast trade winds, little seasonaltemperature variation; dry season December to June, rainy season July to October

      Terrain southern islands are limestone with level terraces and fringing coralreefs; northern islands are volcanic

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point : unnamed location on Agrihan 965 m

      Natural resources arable land, fish

      Land use
      arable land : 21%
      permanent crops: NA%
      permanent pastures: 19%
      forests and woodland: NA%
      other: NA%

      Irrigated land NA sq km

      Natural hazards active volcanoes on Pagan and Agrihan; typhoons (especially August toNovember)

      Environment - current issues contamination of groundwater on Saipan by raw sewage contributes todisease; clean-up of landfill; protection of endangered species conflictswith development

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: NA
      signed, but not ratified: NA

      Geography - note strategic location in the North Pacific Ocean

      NOTE: The information regarding Northern Mariana Islands on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Northern Mariana Islands Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Northern Mariana Islands Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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