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    Spain Geography 1997

      Location Southwestern Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay, Mediterranean Sea,and North Atlantic Ocean, southwest of France

      Geographic coordinates 40 00 N, 4 00 W

      Map references Europe

      total: 504,750 sq km
      land: 499,400 sq km
      water: 5,350 sq km
      note: includes Balearic Islands, Canary Islands, and five places of sovereignty(plazas de soberania) on and off the coast of Morocco - Ceuta, Mellila, IslasChafarinas, Penon de Alhucemas, and Penon de Velez de la Gomera

      Area - comparative slightly more than twice the size of Oregon

      Land boundaries
      total: 1,919.1 km
      border countries: Andorra 65 km, France 623 km, Gibraltar 1.2 km, Portugal 1,214 km, Morocco(Ceuta) 6.3 km, Morocco (Melilla) 9.6 km

      Coastline 4,964 km

      Maritime claims
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm (applies only to the Atlantic Ocean)
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate temperate; clear, hot summers in interior, more moderate and cloudyalong coast; cloudy, cold winters in interior, partly cloudy and cool alongcoast

      Terrain large, flat to dissected plateau surrounded by rugged hills; Pyreneesin north

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point : Pico de Teide on Canary Islands 3,718 m

      Natural resources coal, lignite, iron ore, uranium, mercury, pyrites, fluorspar, gypsum,zinc, lead, tungsten, copper, kaolin, potash, hydropower

      Land use
      arable land: 30%
      permanent crops : 9%
      permanent pastures: 21%
      forests and woodland: 32%
      other: 8% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 34,530 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues pollution of the Mediterranean Sea from raw sewage and effluents fromthe offshore production of oil and gas; water quality and quantity nationwide;air pollution; deforestation; desertification

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-VolatileOrganic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity,Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, HazardousWastes, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, OzoneLayer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94,Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Desertification, Law of the Sea

      Geography - note strategic location along approaches to Strait of Gibraltar

      NOTE: The information regarding Spain on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Spain Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Spain Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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