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    Tanzania Geography 1997

      Location Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique

      Geographic coordinates 6 00 S, 35 00 E

      Map references Africa

      total : 945,090 sq km
      land: 886,040 sq km
      water: 59,050 sq km
      note: includes the islands of Mafia, Pemba, and Zanzibar

      Area - comparative slightly larger than twice the size of California

      Land boundaries
      total : 3,402 km
      border countries: Burundi 451 km, Kenya 769 km, Malawi 475 km, Mozambique 756 km, Rwanda217 km, Uganda 396 km, Zambia 338 km

      Coastline 1,424 km

      Maritime claims
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate varies from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands

      Terrain plains along coast; central plateau; highlands in north, south

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point : Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Kilimanjaro 5,895 m

      Natural resources hydropower potential, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones,gold, natural gas, nickel

      Land use
      arable land: 3%
      permanent crops : 1%
      permanent pastures: 40%
      forests and woodland: 38%
      other: 18% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 1,500 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards the tsetse fly; flooding on the central plateau during the rainy season

      Environment - current issues soil degradation; deforestation; desertification; destruction of coralreefs threatens marine habitats; recent droughts affected marginal agriculture

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes,Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Desertification

      Geography - note Kilimanjaro is highest point in Africa

      NOTE: The information regarding Tanzania on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Tanzania Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tanzania Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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