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    Turkey Government 1997
    https://photius.com/wfb1997/turkey/turkey_government.html
    SOURCE: 1997 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name
      conventional long form : Republic of Turkey
      conventional short form: Turkey
      local long form: Turkiye Cumhuriyeti
      local short form: Turkiye

      Data code TU

      Government type republican parliamentary democracy

      National capital Ankara

      Administrative divisions 79 provinces (iller, singular - il); Adana, Adiyaman, Afyon, Agri, Aksaray,Amasya, Ankara, Antalya, Ardahan, Artvin, Aydin, Balikesir, Bartin, Batman,Bayburt, Bilecik, Bingol, Bitlis, Bolu, Burdur, Bursa, Canakkale, Cankiri, Corum, Denizli, Diyarbakir, Edirne, Elazig, Erzincan, Erzurum, Eskisehir,Gazi Antep, Giresun, Gumushane, Hakkari, Hatay, Icel, Iggdir, Isparta, Istanbul,Izmir, Kahraman Maras, Karabuk, Karaman, Kars, Kastamonu, Kayseri, Kilis,Kirikkale, Kirklareli, Kirsehir, Kocaeli, Konya, Kutahya, Malatya, Manisa,Mardin, Mugla, Mus, Nevsehir, Nigde, Ordu, Rize, Sakarya, Samsun, Sanli Urfa,Siirt, Sinop, Sirnak, Sivas, Tekirdag, Tokat, Trabzon, Tunceli, Usak, Van,Yalova, Yozgat, Zonguldak
      note: Karabuk, Kilis, and Yalova are three new Turkish provinces mentionedin the 24 December 1995 election results; the Turkish press has mentionedanother province called Osmaniye

      Independence 29 October 1923 (successor state to the Ottoman Empire)

      National holiday Anniversary of the Declaration of the Republic, 29 October (1923)

      Constitution 7 November 1982

      Legal system derived from various continental legal systems; accepts compulsory ICJjurisdiction, with reservations

      Suffrage 18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch
      chief of state: President Suleyman DEMIREL (since 16 May 1993)
      head of government : Prime Minister Necmettin ERBAKAN (since 8 July 1996) and Deputy PrimeMinister Tansu CILLER (since 8 July 1996)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the nomination ofthe prime minister
      note: there is also a National Security Council that serves as an advisorybody to the president and the cabinet
      elections: president elected by the National Assembly for a seven-year term; electionlast held 16 May 1993 (next to be held NA 2000); prime minister and deputy prime minister appointed by the president
      election results : Suleyman DEMIREL elected president; percent of National Assembly vote- 54%

      Legislative branch unicameral Grand National Assembly of Turkey or Turkiye Buyuk MilletMeclisi (550 seats; members are elected to serve five-year terms)
      elections : last held 24 December 1995 (next to be held by December 2000)
      election results: percent of vote by party - RP 21.38%, DYP 19.18%, ANAP 19.65%, DSP 14.64%,CHP 10.71%, independent 0.48%; seats by party - RP 158, DYP 135, ANAP 133,DSP 75, CHP 49; note - seats held by various parties are subject to change due to defections, creation of new parties, and ouster or death of sittingdeputies; current seats by party are as follows: RP 160, DYP 120, ANAP 127,DSP 68, CHP 49, BBP 7, DTP 7, independents 10, vacant 2

      Judicial branch Constitutional Court, judges appointed by the president; Court of Appeals,judges are elected by the Supreme Council of Judges and Prosecutors

      Political parties and leaders True Path Party or DYP [Tansu CILLER]; Motherland Party or ANAP [MesutYILMAZ]; Welfare Party or RP [Necmettin ERBAKAN]; Democratic Left Party orDSP [Bulent ECEVIT]; Nationalist Action Party or MHP [Tugrul TURKES]; NewParty or YP [Yusuf Bozkurt OZAL]; Republican People's Party or CHP [DenizBAYKAL]; Workers' Party or IP [Dogu PERINCEK]; Nation Party or MP [Aykut EDIBALI];Democrat Party or DP [Murat UZMAN]; Grand Unity Party or BBP [Muhsin YAZICIOGLU];Rebirth Party or YDP [Hasan Celal GUZEL]; People's Democracy Party or HADEP[Murat BOZLAK]; Main Path Party or ANAYOL [Gurcan BASER]; Democratic TargetParty or DHP [Abdulkadir Yasar TURK]; Liberal Democratic Party or LDP [BesimTIBUK]; New Democracy Movement or YDH [Huseyin ERGUN]; Labor Party or EP [AbdullahLevent TUZER]; Democracy and Peace Party or DBP [Refik KARAKOC]; Freedom andSolidarity Party or ODP [Ufuk URAS]; Peace Party or BP [Mehmet ETI]; DemocraticMass Party or DKP [Serafettin ELCI]; Democrat Turkey Party or DTP [HusamettinCINDORUK]

      Political pressure groups and leaders Turkish Confederation of Labor or Turk-Is [Bayram MERAL]; Confederationof Revolutionary Workers Unions or DISK [Ridvan BUDAK]; Moral Rights WorkersUnion or Hak-Is [Salim USLU]; Turkish Industrialists' and Businessmen's Associationor TUSIAD [Muharrem KAYHAN]; Turkish Union of Chambers of Commerce and CommodityExchanges or TOBB [Fuat MIRAS]; Turkish Confederation of Employers' Unionsor TISK [Refik BAYDUR]; Independent Industrialists and Businessmen's Associationor MUSIAD [Erol YARAR]

      International organization participation AsDB, BIS, BSEC, CCC, CE, CERN (observer), EBRD, ECE, ECO, ESCAP, FAO,IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO,ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, NACC, NATO,NEA, OECD, OIC, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNMIBH,UNMOP, UNOMIG, UNPREDEP, UNRWA, UPU, WEU (associate), WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO,WToO, WTrO

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Nuzhet KANDEMIR
      chancery : 1714 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036
      telephone: [1] (202) 659-8200
      consulate(s) general: Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, and New York

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Marc GROSSMAN
      embassy : 110 Ataturk Boulevard, Ankara
      mailing address: PSC 93, Box 5000, APO AE 09823
      telephone: [90] (312) 468-6110
      FAX: [90] (312) 467-0019
      consulate(s) general: Istanbul
      consulate(s): Adana

      Flag description red with a vertical white crescent (the closed portion is toward thehoist side) and white five-pointed star centered just outside the crescentopening

      NOTE: The information regarding Turkey on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Turkey Government 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Turkey Government 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://photius.com/wfb1997/turkey/turkey_government.html

    Revised 06-Mar-02
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    ctr03/06/02