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    Yemen Government 1997

      Country name
      conventional long form : Republic of Yemen
      conventional short form: Yemen
      local long form: Al Jumhuriyah al Yamaniyah
      local short form: Al Yaman

      Data code YM

      Government type republic

      National capital Sanaa

      Administrative divisions 17 governorates (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah); Abyan, Aden, Al Bayda,Al Hudaydah, Al Jawf, Al Mahrah, Al Mahwit, Ataq, Dhamar, Hadhramaut, Hajjah,Ibb, Lahij, Ma'rib, Sa'dah, San'a', Ta'izz
      note: there may be a new governorate for the capital city of Sanaa

      Independence 22 May 1990 Republic of Yemen was established on 22 May 1990 with themerger of the Yemen Arab Republic {Yemen (Sanaa) or North Yemen} and the Marxist-dominatedPeople's Democratic Republic of Yemen {Yemen (Aden) or South Yemen}; previouslyNorth Yemen had become independent on NA November 1918 (from the Ottoman Empire)and South Yemen had become independent on 30 November 1967 (from the UK)

      National holiday Proclamation of the Republic, 22 May (1990)

      Constitution 16 May 1991; amended 29 September 1994

      Legal system based on Islamic law, Turkish law, English common law, and local tribalcustomary law; does not accept compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Suffrage 18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch
      chief of state: President Lt. Gen. Ali Abdallah SALIH (since 22 May 1990, the formerpresident of North Yemen, assumed office upon the merger of North and SouthYemen); Vice President Maj. Gen. Abd al-Rab Mansur al-HADI (since NA October1994)
      head of government: Prime Minister Abd al-Aziz ABD AL-GHANI (since NA October 1994); DeputyPrime Ministers Abd al-Wahhab al-ANISI (since NA October 1994), Dr. Abd al-KarimAli al-IRYANI (since NA October 1994), Dr. Muhammad Said al-ATTAR (since NAOctober 1994), and Abd al-Qadir al-BA JAMAL (since NA October 1994)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the advice of theprime minister
      elections : president elected by the House of Representatives for a five-year term;election last held 1 October 1994 (next to be held NA 1999); vice presidentappointed by the president; prime minister and deputy prime ministers appointedby the president
      election results: Ali Abdallah SALIH elected president; percent of House of Representativesvote - NA

      Legislative branch unicameral House of Representatives (301 seats; members elected by popularvote to serve four-year terms)
      elections: last held 27 April 1997 (next to be held NA April 2001)
      election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - GPC 189, Islaah 52,Nasserite Unionist Party 3, Baath Party 2, independents 54, election pending1

      Judicial branch Supreme Court

      Political parties and leaders there are over 12 political parties active in Yemen, some of the moreimportant are: General People's Congress (GPC), President Ali Abdallah SALIH;Yemeni Reform Grouping or Islaah, Shaykh Abdallah bin Husayn al-AHMAR; YemeniSocialist Party (YSP), Ali Salih UBAYD; Nasserite Unionist Party, leader NA;Baath Party, leader NA
      note: following the May-July 1994 civil war, President SALIH's General People'sCongress and Shaykh Abdallah bin Husayn al-AHMAR's Yemeni Reform Grouping,or Islaah, formed a coalition government, but it is unclear whether this coalitionwill continue in light of the GPC's landslide victory in the April 1997 legislativeelection; the YSP, a loyal opposition party, boycotted the April 1997 legislativeelection

      Political pressure groups and leaders NA

      International organization participation ACC, AFESD, AL, AMF, CAEU, CCC, ESCWA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO,ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC,ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OIC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU,WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO (applicant)

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant)
      chancery : Suite 705, 2600 Virginia Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20037
      telephone: [1] (202) 965-4760, 4761
      FAX: [1] (202) 337-2017

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador David G. NEWTON
      embassy: Dhahr Himyar Zone, Sheraton Hotel District, Sanaa
      mailing address : P. O. Box 22347, Sanaa
      telephone: [967] (1) 238843 through 238852
      FAX: [967] (1) 251563

      Flag description three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black; similarto the flag of Syria which has two green stars and of Iraq which has threegreen stars (plus an Arabic inscription) in a horizontal line centered inthe white band; also similar to the flag of Egypt which has a symbolic eaglecentered in the white band

      NOTE: The information regarding Yemen on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Yemen Government 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Yemen Government 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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