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China (also see separate Hong Kong and Taiwan entries) People

    Population: 1,246,871,951 (July 1999 est.)

    Age structure:
    0-14 years: 26% (male 169,206,275; female 149,115,216)
    15-64 years: 68% (male 435,047,915; female 408,663,265)
    65 years and over: 6% (male 39,824,361; female 45,014,919) (1999 est.)

    Population growth rate: 0.77% (1999 est.)

    Birth rate: 15.1 births/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Death rate: 6.98 deaths/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Net migration rate: -0.41 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Sex ratio:
    at birth: 1.15 male(s)/female
    under 15 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
    15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female
    total population: 1.07 male(s)/female (1999 est.)

    Infant mortality rate: 43.31 deaths/1,000 live births (1999 est.)

    Life expectancy at birth:
    total population: 69.92 years
    male: 68.57 years
    female: 71.48 years (1999 est.)

    Total fertility rate: 1.8 children born/woman (1999 est.)

    Nationality:
    noun: Chinese (singular and plural)
    adjective: Chinese

    Ethnic groups: Han Chinese 91.9%, Zhuang, Uygur, Hui, Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Manchu, Mongol, Buyi, Korean, and other nationalities 8.1%

    Religions: Daoism (Taoism), Buddhism, Muslim 2%-3%, Christian 1% (est.)
    note: officially atheist, but traditionally pragmatic and eclectic

    Languages: Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghaiese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic divisions entry)

    Literacy:
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 81.5%
    male: 89.9%
    female: 72.7% (1995 est.)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)