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Eritrea People

    Population: 3,984,723 (July 1999 est.)

    Age structure:
    0-14 years: 43% (male 859,899; female 852,329)
    15-64 years: 54% (male 1,061,921; female 1,078,102)
    65 years and over: 3% (male 67,969; female 64,503) (1999 est.)

    Population growth rate: 3.88% (1999 est.)

    Birth rate: 42.56 births/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Death rate: 12.32 deaths/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Net migration rate: 8.53 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1999 est.)
    note: it is estimated that approximately 315,000 Eritrean refugees were still living in Sudan by the end of 1997 according to the UNHCR

    Sex ratio:
    at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
    under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
    15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 1.05 male(s)/female
    total population: 1 male(s)/female (1999 est.)

    Infant mortality rate: 76.84 deaths/1,000 live births (1999 est.)

    Life expectancy at birth:
    total population: 55.74 years
    male: 53.61 years
    female: 57.95 years (1999 est.)

    Total fertility rate: 5.96 children born/woman (1999 est.)

    Nationality:
    noun: Eritrean(s)
    adjective: Eritrean

    Ethnic groups: ethnic Tigrinya 50%, Tigre and Kunama 40%, Afar 4%, Saho (Red Sea coast dwellers) 3%

    Religions: Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant

    Languages: Afar, Amharic, Arabic, Tigre and Kunama, Tigrinya, minor ethnic group languages

    Literacy: NA

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)