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Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)(overseas territory of the UK; also claimed by Argentina) Economy 1999

    Economy—overview: The economy was formerly based on agriculture, mainly sheep farming, but today fishing contributes the bulk of economic activity. In 1987 the government began selling fishing licenses to foreign trawlers operating within the Falklands exclusive fishing zone. These license fees total more than $40 million per year, which goes to support the island's health, education, and welfare system. Squid accounts for 75% of the fish taken. Dairy farming supports domestic consumption; crops furnish winter fodder. Exports feature shipments of high-grade wool to the UK and the sale of postage stamps and coins. To encourage tourism, the Falkland Islands Development Corporation has built three lodges for visitors attracted by the abundant wildlife and trout fishing. The islands are now self-financing except for defense. The British Geological Survey announced a 200-mile oil exploration zone around the islands in 1993, and early seismic surveys suggest substantial reserves capable of producing 500,000 barrels per day; to date no exploitable site has been identified. An agreement between Argentina and the UK in 1995 seeks to defuse licensing and sovereignty conflicts that would dampen foreign interest in exploiting potential oil reserves.

    GDP: purchasing power parity—$NA

    GDP—real growth rate: NA%

    GDP—per capita: purchasing power parity—$NA

    GDP—composition by sector:
    agriculture: NA%
    industry: NA%
    services: NA%

    Population below poverty line: NA%

    Household income or consumption by percentage share:
    lowest 10%: NA%
    highest 10%: NA%

    Inflation rate (consumer prices): NA%

    Labor force: 1,100 (est.)

    Labor force—by occupation: agriculture 95% (mostly sheepherding and fishing)

    Unemployment rate: full employment; labor shortage

    revenues: $66.1 million
    expenditures: $66.8 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY97/98 est.)

    Industries: wool and fish processing; sale of stamps and coins

    Industrial production growth rate: NA%

    Electricity—production: 10 million kWh (1996)

    Electricity—production by source:
    fossil fuel: 100%
    hydro: 0%
    nuclear: 0%
    other: 0% (1996)

    Electricity—consumption: 10 million kWh (1996)

    Electricity—exports: 0 kWh (1996)

    Electricity—imports: 0 kWh (1996)

    Agriculture—products: fodder and vegetable crops; sheep, dairy products

    Exports: $7.6 million (1995)

    Exports—commodities: wool, hides, meat

    Exports—partners: UK, Netherlands, Japan (1992)

    Imports: $24.7 million (1995)

    Imports—commodities: fuel, food and drink, building materials, clothing

    Imports—partners: UK, Netherlands Antilles, Japan (1992)

    Debt—external: $NA

    Economic aid—recipient: $1.7 million (1995)

    Currency: 1 Falkland pound (�F) = 100 pence

    Exchange rates: Falkland pound (�F) per US$1—0.6057 (January 1999), 0.5037 (1998), 0.6106 (1997), 0.6403 (1996), 0.6335 (1995), 0.6529 (1994); note—the Falkland pound is at par with the British pound

    Fiscal year: 1 April—31 March

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)