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Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)(overseas territory of the UK; also claimed by Argentina) Government 1999

    Country name:
    conventional long form: Colony of the Falkland Islands
    conventional short form: Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)

    Data code: FA

    Dependency status: overseas territory of the UK, also claimed by Argentina

    Government type: NA

    Capital: Stanley

    Administrative divisions: none (overseas territory of the UK; also claimed by Argentina)

    Independence: none (overseas territory of the UK; also claimed by Argentina)

    National holiday: Liberation Day, 14 June (1982)

    Constitution: 3 October 1985; amended 1997

    Legal system: English common law

    Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

    Executive branch:
    chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952)
    head of government: Governor Richard RALPH (since 29 January 1996; to be replaced in May 1999 by Donald LAMONT); Chief Executive A. M. GURR (since NA); Financial Secretary D. F. HOWATT (since NA)
    cabinet: Executive Council; three members elected by the Legislative Council, two ex officio members (chief executive and the financial secretary), and the governor
    elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch

    Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Council (10 seats—8 elected, 2 ex officio; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
    elections: last held 9 October 1997 (next to be held NA October 2001)
    election results: percent of vote—NA; seats—independents 8

    Judicial branch: Supreme Court, chief justice is a nonresident

    Political parties and leaders: none; all independents

    International organization participation: ICFTU

    Diplomatic representation in the US: none (overseas territory of the UK; also claimed by Argentina)

    Diplomatic representation from the US: none (overseas territory of the UK; also claimed by Argentina)

    Flag description: blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Falkland Island coat of arms in a white disk centered on the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms contains a white ram (sheep raising is the major economic activity) above the sailing ship Desire (whose crew discovered the islands) with a scroll at the bottom bearing the motto DESIRE THE RIGHT

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)