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French Guiana (overseas department of France) Geography

    Location: Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Brazil and Suriname

    Geographic coordinates: 4 00 N, 53 00 W

    Map references: South America

    total: 91,000 sq km
    land: 89,150 sq km
    water: 1,850 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Indiana

    Land boundaries:
    total: 1,183 km
    border countries: Brazil 673 km, Suriname 510 km

    Coastline: 378 km

    Maritime claims:
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical; hot, humid; little seasonal temperature variation

    Terrain: low-lying coastal plains rising to hills and small mountains

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Bellevue de l'Inini 851 m

    Natural resources: bauxite, timber, gold (widely scattered), cinnabar, kaolin, fish

    Land use:
    arable land: 0%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 0%
    forests and woodland: 83%
    other: 17% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 20 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: high frequency of heavy showers and severe thunderstorms; flooding

    Environment—current issues: NA

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: NA
    signed, but not ratified: NA

    Geography—note: mostly an unsettled wilderness

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)