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Moldova People

    Population: 4,460,838 (July 1999 est.)

    Age structure:
    0-14 years: 24% (male 555,096; female 535,625)
    15-64 years: 66% (male 1,408,334; female 1,529,542)
    65 years and over: 10% (male 160,317; female 271,924) (1999 est.)

    Population growth rate: 0.1% (1999 est.)

    Birth rate: 14.43 births/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Death rate: 12.5 deaths/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Net migration rate: -0.92 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Sex ratio:
    at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
    under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
    15-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.59 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.91 male(s)/female (1999 est.)

    Infant mortality rate: 43.52 deaths/1,000 live births (1999 est.)

    Life expectancy at birth:
    total population: 64.39 years
    male: 59.76 years
    female: 69.24 years (1999 est.)

    Total fertility rate: 1.86 children born/woman (1999 est.)

    Nationality:
    noun: Moldovan(s)
    adjective: Moldovan

    Ethnic groups: Moldavian/Romanian 64.5%, Ukrainian 13.8%, Russian 13%, Gagauz 3.5%, Jewish 1.5%, Bulgarian 2%, other 1.7% (1989 est.)
    note: internal disputes with ethnic Russians in the Transdniester region

    Religions: Eastern Orthodox 98.5%, Jewish 1.5%, Baptist (only about 1,000 members) (1991)
    note: the large majority of churchgoers are ethnic Moldovans

    Languages: Moldovan (official, virtually the same as the Romanian language), Russian, Gagauz (a Turkish dialect)

    Literacy:
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 96%
    male: 99%
    female: 94% (1989 est.)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)