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Sierra Leone People

    Population: 5,296,651 (July 1999 est.)

    Age structure:
    0-14 years: 45% (male 1,182,181; female 1,219,956)
    15-64 years: 52% (male 1,307,475; female 1,423,046)
    65 years and over: 3% (male 82,374; female 81,619) (1999 est.)

    Population growth rate: 4.34% (1999 est.)

    Birth rate: 45.62 births/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Death rate: 16.77 deaths/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Net migration rate: 14.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Sex ratio:
    at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
    under 15 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
    15-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 1.01 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (1999 est.)

    Infant mortality rate: 126.23 deaths/1,000 live births (1999 est.)

    Life expectancy at birth:
    total population: 49.13 years
    male: 46.07 years
    female: 52.27 years (1999 est.)

    Total fertility rate: 6.16 children born/woman (1999 est.)

    Nationality:
    noun: Sierra Leonean(s)
    adjective: Sierra Leonean

    Ethnic groups: 20 native African tribes 90% (Temne 30%, Mende 30%, other 30%), Creole 10% (descendents of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-eighteenth century), refugees from Liberia's recent civil war, small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians

    Religions: Muslim 60%, indigenous beliefs 30%, Christian 10%

    Languages: English (official, regular use limited to literate minority), Mende (principal vernacular in the south), Temne (principal vernacular in the north), Krio (English-based Creole, spoken by the descendents of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%)

    Literacy:
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write English, Mende, Temne, or Arabic
    total population: 31.4%
    male: 45.4%
    female: 18.2% (1995 est.)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)