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    Iceland Geography 2000

      Location: Northern Europe, island between the Greenland Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northwest of the UK

      Geographic coordinates: 65 00 N, 18 00 W

      Map references: Arctic Region

      total: 103,000 sq km
      land: 100,250 sq km
      water: 2,750 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Kentucky

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 4,988 km

      Maritime claims:
      continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: temperate; moderated by North Atlantic Current; mild, windy winters; damp, cool summers

      Terrain: mostly plateau interspersed with mountain peaks, icefields; coast deeply indented by bays and fiords

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Hvannadalshnukur 2,119 m

      Natural resources: fish, hydropower, geothermal power, diatomite

      Land use:
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 23%
      forests and woodland: 1%
      other: 76% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: NA sq km

      Natural hazards: earthquakes and volcanic activity

      Environment - current issues: water pollution from fertilizer runoff; inadequate wastewater treatment

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Environmental Modification, Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note: strategic location between Greenland and Europe; westernmost European country; more land covered by glaciers than in all of continental Europe

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)